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Density Separation and Cryopreservation of Umbilical Cord Blood Cells

Schap auEvaluation of Recovery by Means of Short- and Long-Term Culture
  • Camillo Almici
  • Carmelo Carlo-Stella
  • John E. Wagner
  • Vittorio Rizzoli

Abstract

The clonogenic capacity of human umbilical cord blood (UCB) has been evaluated in several studies, showing high numbers of primitive hematopoietic progenitor cells. Recently, UCB progenitor cells have been demonstrated to possess significant advantages over bone marrow (BM), in terms of proliferative capacity and immunologic reactivity. Therefore, UCB has been considered an attractive source of hematopoietic stem cells for both research and clinical applications. Previous reports have documented a significant loss of progenitor cells by any manipulation other than cry ©preservation. We have evaluated the feasibility of fractionating and cryopreserving UCB samples with minimal loss of progenitor cells. We compared separation over three different densities of Percoli (1069 g/ml, 1077 g/ml, 1084 g/ml), sedimentation over poligeline (Emagel), and sedimentation over poligeline followed by separation over Ficoll/Hypaque (F/H). Separated samples (n=25) were analysed for recovery of CD34+ cells and progenitor cells (CFU-GEMM, BFU-E, CFU-GM). Sepa¬ration by sedimentation over poligeline followed by F/H allowed the highest depletion of RBC (hematocrit of the final cellular suspension 0.4±0.1%), while maintaining high recovery of CD34+ cells (85.3%) and total recovery for CFU-GEMM, BFU-E and CFU-GM. After cryopreservation, recovery of clonogenic progenitors was 82% for CFU-GEMM, 94% for BFU-E,825 for CFU-GM and 90% for colony-forming unit five weeks of long-term culture (LTC). Moreover, the presence of SFC significantly increased CFU-GEMM (14±4 vs. 49±5, p≤0.0005) and CFU-GM (112±18 vs. 178±19, p≤0.025), but not BFU-E (42±7 vs. 53±7, p≤0.375) growth. In conclusion, RBC depletion of UCB can be accomplished with minimal loss of committed and primitive hematopoietic progenitors. This procedure may have important implication in the large scale banking of UCB as well as ex vivo expansion/gene therapy protocols.

Keywords

Progenitor Cell Umbilical Cord Blood Human Umbilical Cord Blood Sequential Separation Density Separation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Camillo Almici
    • 1
    • 3
  • Carmelo Carlo-Stella
    • 1
  • John E. Wagner
    • 2
  • Vittorio Rizzoli
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Hematology, BMT UnitUniversity of ParmaI-ParmaItaly
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsUniversity of MinnesotaUSA
  3. 3.Cattedra di EmatologiaUniversità di ParmaI-ParmaItaly

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