Energetics of the Light Actinides in a Full Charge Density Scheme

  • L. Vitos
  • J. Kollár
  • H. L. Skriver
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 355)


During the last years many attempts have been made to explain the unusual equilibrium bulk properties of the light actinides using ab initio methods for the calculation of the total energy [1, 2, 3]. With the subsequent filling of the f-conduction band, for Np and especially for Pu, the observed equilibrium volumes are reasonably larger and the bulk moduli are smaller than the calculated ones; in contrast to the theoretical predictions the measured equilibrium volume for plutonium is larger than that of neptunium. According to the recent study by Wills and Eriksson [3] this discrepancy might be ascribed to the fact that in the calculations not the observed structures were used. To examine this possibility, in this paper we carried out a recently developed [4, 5] full charge density LMTO-ASA (linear muffin-tin orbital - atomic sphere approximation) calculation for these elements using the observed a-structures. We will show that our calculated values are fairly accurate for Th, Pa and U, but the anomalously large plutonium volume is not reproduced and our results show similar monotonic decrease in the atomic volumes as the earlier calculations. Therefore we conclude that this discrepancy reflects the limitations of the local density scheme, namely that the quasi-localized, relativistic f-conduction band is improperly treated in this approximation.


Charge Density Multipole Moment Equilibrium Volume Electronic Charge Density Atomic Sphere Approximation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    H.L. Skriver, O.K. Andersen and B. Johansson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 42 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    M.S.S. Brooks, J. Phys. F: Met. Phys. 13, 103 (1983).MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. J.M. Wills and 0. Eriksson, Phys. Rev. B 45, 13879 (1992).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    L. Vitos, J. Rollar and H. L. Skriver, Phys. Rev. B, 49, 16694 (1994).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    J. Kollár, H. L. Skriver and L. Vitos, Phys. Rev. B 49, 11288 (1994).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    O.K. Andersen, Z. Pawlowska and O. Jepsen, Phys. Rev. B 34, 5253, (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    O.K. Andersen, A.V. Postnikov and S.Yu. Savrasov in: Applications of Multiple Scattering Theory in Materials Science, Eds. W.H. Butler, P.H. Dederichs, A. Gonis and R.L. Weaver, pp 37–70, (1992).Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    L. Vitos, J. Kollar and H. L. Skriver, to be published.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    A. Gonis, E. C. Sowa and P. A. Sterne, Phys. Rev. Lett., 66, 2207 (1991).MathSciNetADSMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    L. Vitos and J. Kollár, Phys. Rev. B, 51, 4074, (1995).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    J. van Ek, P.A. Sterne and A. Gonis, Phys. Rev B, 48, 16280, (1993).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Y. R. Vohra and J. Akella, Phys. Rev. Lett., 67, 3563, (1991).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    O. Eriksson, P. Söderlind and J. M. Wills, Phys. Rev. B 45, 12588, (1992).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Vitos
    • 1
  • J. Kollár
    • 1
  • H. L. Skriver
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Institute for Solid State PhysicsHungary
  2. 2.Center for Atomic-scale Materials Physics and Physics DepartmentTechnical University of DenmarkDenmark

Personalised recommendations