Effects of Lift-Off on Microwave NDE Using an Open-Ended Rectangular Waveguide

  • John M. Liu
  • M. Allen Matteson


Some authors have demonstrated recently the capability of microwave imaging of subsurface defects and material characteristics by scanning a suitably excited open-ended rectangular waveguide over a multi-layered composite [1,2]. This near-field approach of microwave NDE is in some aspects similar to the conventional eddy-current based techniques for defect detection and imaging in metals [3]. Of course, in non-metallic materials, it is the discontinuities in the dielectric property, instead of the electrical conductivity, that gives rise to the defect signal. Bahr [4,5] has reported various techniques for the detection, discrimination, and processing of microwave signals, which are also applicable in the lower frequency regime typical of eddy current testing.


Defect Detection Nondestructive Test Subsurface Defect Eddy Current Testing Lower Frequency Regime 
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    R. Zoughi and S. Ganchev, “Microwave Nondestructive Evaluation-State-of-the-Art Review”, Report No. NTIAC-95-01, Nondestructive Testing Information Analysis Center, Austin, Texas, 1995.Google Scholar
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    D. J. Hagemaier and K. Nguyen, Materials Evaluation, 52, 91 (1994) .Google Scholar
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    A. J. Bahr, in Review of Progress in QNDE, Vol 14, eds. D. O. Thompson and D. E. Chimenti (Plenum, New York, 1995), p. 593.Google Scholar
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    A. J. Bahr, in Microwave Nondestructive Testing Methods (Gordon and Breach, New York, 1982).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • John M. Liu
    • 1
  • M. Allen Matteson
    • 2
  1. 1.Code 684, Carderock Div.Naval Surface Warfare Ctr.Silver SpringUSA
  2. 2.Code 615, Carderock Div.Naval Surface Warfare Ctr.AnnapolisUSA

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