A New Technique for Distinguishing Internal Voids from Solid Inclusions
An acoustic microscope has been proven to be a very effective tool for visualization and characterization of small internal defects in solids[l]. The distinction of internal defects such as cracks and voids from solid inclusions is sometimes necessary for material evaluation. For example in case of light metal casting alloys ultrasonic scattered echo from pores and heavy metal inclusions used for strengthening purposes can give the ultrasonic signal of the same order of magnitude . In this paper it is shown how the phase information of the reflected echo can be used to distinguish void signals from solid inclusion signals. Conventional acoustic imaging techniques that use only amplitude information and ignores the phase information can not distinguish between voids and inclusions.
KeywordsLongitudinal Wave Reflection Coefficient Spherical Inclusion Solid Inclusion Spherical Void
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