Advertisement

Biological Treatment Process for Removing Petroleum Hydrocarbons from Oilfield Produced Waters

  • Gilbert Tellez
  • Nirmala Khandan
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 52)

Abstract

“Produced water” is the single largest volume of waste generated by the oil and gas industry. These waters are generated during crude oil and natural gas production, at both onshore and offshore operations. The amount of produced water generated is dependent upon the method of recovery and the nature of formation. In some formations, large volumes of water are pumped to the surface with the oil and gas in the early stages of production; in others, water is not produced until the formation has been significantly depleted; and in some, water is never generated.

Keywords

Produce Water Petroleum Hydrocarbon Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon Aeration Tank Coalbed Methane 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Brown, J. S., Sour, T. C., Wade, M.J., Neff, J.M., 1992. Chemical and toxicological characterization of produce water freon extracts. Produced Water. Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  2. Chapelle, F. H., 1993. Ground-water microbiology and geochemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Somerset, NJ.Google Scholar
  3. Decker, D., 1991. Estimate of water production from Northern San Juan Basin. Natural Gas Supply Project Advisor Group Meeting — Coalbed Methane Project Area (Internal Document — Unpublished), Birmingham, Alabama.Google Scholar
  4. Fillo, J. P., Koraido, S. M., Evans, J.M., 1992. Sources, characteristics, and management of produced water from natural gas production and storage operations. Produced Water. Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  5. Lee Ryan, P.B., Fillo. J. P., 1978. Evaluation of management options for coalbed methane produced water. Proceedings of the 1991 Coalbed Methane Symposium, 35, 5–13.Google Scholar
  6. Middleditch, B. S., 1984. Ecological effects of produced water discharges from offshore oil and gas production platforms. Final Report on API Project No. 248, American Petroleum Institute, Washington, D.C., 160.Google Scholar
  7. Neff, J. M., 1987. Biological effects of drilling fluids, drill cuttings and produced waters. Long-Term Environmental Effects of Offshore Oil and Gas Development. Elsevier Petroleum Publishers Ltd., London.Google Scholar
  8. Neff, J.M., Sour, T.C., Maciolek, N., 1989. Fate and effects of produced water discharges in nearshore marine waters. American Petroleum Inst. Publication No. 4472, American Petroleum Institute, Washington, D.C., 300.Google Scholar
  9. Neff, J. M., Sour, T. C., Maciolek, N., 1992. Composition, fate and effects of produced water discharges to nearshore marine waters. Produced Water. Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  10. Rayle, M. F., Mulino, M.M., 1992. Produced water impacts in Louisiana coastal waters. Produced Water. Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  11. Senn and Johnson. 1985. Interpretation of gas chromatography data as a tool in subsurface hydrocarbon investigations. Petroleum Hydrocarbons and Organic Chemicals in Groundwater — Prevention, Detection, and Restoration.Google Scholar
  12. Stephenson, M. T., 1991. Components of produced water: a compilation of results from several industry studies. Paper No. 23313 presented at the First International Conference on Health, Safety and Environment, Hague, Netherlands, November 10–14.Google Scholar
  13. Tellez, G.T., 1991. Bioreclamation of New Mexico oilfield produced wastewaters: characterization and feasibility study. Masters Thesis, New Mexico State University, NM.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gilbert Tellez
    • 1
  • Nirmala Khandan
    • 1
  1. 1.US Environmental Protection AgencyNew Mexico State UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations