A Comparison of Hydrogen Vehicle Storage Options Using the EPA Urban Driving Schedule

  • M. A. Daugherty
  • F. C. Prenger
  • D. E. Daney
  • D. D. Hill
  • F. J. Edeskuty
Part of the A Cryogenic Engineering Conference Publication book series (ACRE, volume 41)


The three standard options for the storage of hydrogen fuel on passenger vehicles are compressed gas, metal hydride and cryogenic liquid storage. The weight of the hydrogen storage system affects the performance of the vehicle. We examine vehicle performance as a function of hydrogen storage system type and capacity. The impact of storage system volume on vehicle performance is not addressed in this paper. Three vehicles are modeled, a metro commuter, a mid size sedan and a full size van. All vehicles are powered by a fuel cell and an electric drive train. The impact of auxiliary power requirements for air conditioning is also examined. In making these comparisons it is necessary to assume a driving cycle. We use the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) urban dynamometer driving schedule in all simulations to represent typical urban driving conditions.


Fuel Cell Storage System Hydrogen Storage Metal Hydride Aerodynamic Drag 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    W.F. Stewart, Operating Experience with a Liquid-Hydrogen Fueled Buick and Refueling System, J. Hydrogen Energy, vol. 9, no. 6, p. 525 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    W.J.D. Escher, Survey of Liquid Hydrogen Container Techniques for Highway Vehicle Fuel System Applications, U.S. Department of Energy Report, no. HCP/M2752–01 (1979).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    C. Carpetis, Comparison of the Expenses Required for the On-Board Fuel Storage Systems of Hydrogen Powered Vehicles, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol. 7, no. 1, p. 61 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J.J. Donnelly, W.C. Greayer, R.J. Nichols, W.J.D. Escher, and E.E. Ecklund, Hydrogen-Powered vs Battery-Powered Automobiles, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol. 4, p. 411 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    B.D. James, G.N. Baum, and I.F. Kuhn, Jr., Technology Development Goals for Automotive Fuel Cell Power Systems, Argonne National Laboratory Report, no. ANL-94/44(1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    S.N. Sirosh, Application of Advanced Composites for Efficient On-Board Storage of Fuel in Natural Gas Vehicles, Proc. Int. Conference on Composite Materials and Energy, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, p. 793 (1995).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    F.J. Darms, Space Age Pressure Vessels, 36th Int. SAMPE Symposium, p. 818 (1991).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    D.E. Daney, F.J. Edeskuty, M.A. Daugherty, F.C. Prenger, and D.D. Hill, Hydrogen Vehicle Fueling Station, Paper FR-S1–3, CEC/ICMC 1995.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    D.H. Swan, B.E. Dickinson, and M.P. Arikara, Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Characterization for Electric Vehicle Applications, Advancements in Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Technology, SAE Special Report-1023, p. 19 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. A. DeLuchi, Hydrogen Vehicles: An Evaluation of Fuel Storage Performance, Safety, Environmental Impacts, and Cost, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol. 14, no. 2, p. 81 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    A.J. Appleby, Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Fuel, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol. 19, no. 2, p. 175(1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    National Hydrogen Association, The Technology Assessment of Hydrogen Vehicles, NREL Report (1992).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    W. Peschka, The Status of Handling and Storage Techniques for Liquid Hydrogen in Motor Vehicles, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol. 12, no. 11, p. 753 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    F.E. Wicks, D. Marchionne, Development of a Model to Predict Electric Vehicle Performance Over a Variety of Driving Conditions, (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. Daugherty
    • 1
  • F. C. Prenger
    • 1
  • D. E. Daney
    • 1
  • D. D. Hill
    • 1
  • F. J. Edeskuty
    • 1
  1. 1.Los Alamos National LaboratoryLos AlamosUSA

Personalised recommendations