A Comparison of Hydrogen Vehicle Storage Options Using the EPA Urban Driving Schedule
The three standard options for the storage of hydrogen fuel on passenger vehicles are compressed gas, metal hydride and cryogenic liquid storage. The weight of the hydrogen storage system affects the performance of the vehicle. We examine vehicle performance as a function of hydrogen storage system type and capacity. The impact of storage system volume on vehicle performance is not addressed in this paper. Three vehicles are modeled, a metro commuter, a mid size sedan and a full size van. All vehicles are powered by a fuel cell and an electric drive train. The impact of auxiliary power requirements for air conditioning is also examined. In making these comparisons it is necessary to assume a driving cycle. We use the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) urban dynamometer driving schedule in all simulations to represent typical urban driving conditions.
KeywordsCombustion Graphite Transportation Expense Hydride
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.W.J.D. Escher, Survey of Liquid Hydrogen Container Techniques for Highway Vehicle Fuel System Applications, U.S. Department of Energy Report, no. HCP/M2752–01 (1979).Google Scholar
- 6.S.N. Sirosh, Application of Advanced Composites for Efficient On-Board Storage of Fuel in Natural Gas Vehicles, Proc. Int. Conference on Composite Materials and Energy, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, p. 793 (1995).Google Scholar
- 7.F.J. Darms, Space Age Pressure Vessels, 36th Int. SAMPE Symposium, p. 818 (1991).Google Scholar
- 8.D.E. Daney, F.J. Edeskuty, M.A. Daugherty, F.C. Prenger, and D.D. Hill, Hydrogen Vehicle Fueling Station, Paper FR-S1–3, CEC/ICMC 1995.Google Scholar
- 12.National Hydrogen Association, The Technology Assessment of Hydrogen Vehicles, NREL Report (1992).Google Scholar