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Inositol Pentakis- and Hexakisphosphate Metabolism Adds Versatility to the Actions of Inositol Polyphosphates Novel Effects on Ion Channels and Protein Traffic

  • Stephen B. Shears
Part of the Subcellular Biochemistry book series (SCBI, volume 26)

Abstract

The discovery of receptor-dependent regulation of inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate [Ins(1,4,5)P 3*]-mediated cellular Ca2+ mobilization was a pivotal breakthrough in the field of signal transduction (Berridge and Irvine, 1989). One consequence of this development has been the unraveling of a complex metabolic network of inositol phosphates emanating from Ins(1,4,5)P 3 (Figure 1). As these studies progressed, it emerged that Ins(1,3,4,5,6)P 5 and InsP 6 usually comprise the bulk of the mammalian cell’s inositol polyphosphate content (for reviews, see Berridge and Irvine, 1989; Shears, 1992). At first, it was generally believed that Ins(1,3,4,5,6)P 5 and lnsP 6 were somewhat metabolically inert compounds (e.g., Michell et al., 1988), and their existence in animal cells caused little excitement. The renaissance of interest in the functions of these metabolites (Hughes and Michell, 1993; Menniti et al., 1993b) owes much to the discovery (Stephens et al., 1993; Menniti et al., 1993a) that the cellular pools of these polyphosphates turn over rapidly in animal cells. The purpose of this chapter is to update these recent metabolic developments and also to evaluate the growing body of evidence suggesting that there are important roles in cell biology for Ins(1,3,4,5,6)P 5, InsP 6, and their metabolites. An underlying theme is the considerable versatility of these inositol phosphates in the control of diverse cellular activities.

Keywords

Phytic Acid Inositol Phosphate Inositol Polyphosphates Substrate Cycle Inositol Lipid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen B. Shears
    • 1
  1. 1.Inositol Lipid Section, Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular PharmacologyNational Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of HealthNorth CarolinaUSA

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