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Participation of Cathepsins B, H, and L in Perikaryal Condensation of CA1 Pyramidal Neurons Undergoing Apoptosis After Brief Ischemia

  • T. Nitatori
  • N. Sato
  • E. Kominami
  • Y. Uchiyama
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 389)

Abstract

The CA1 pyramidal neurons in the hippocampus are known to be selectively vulnerable to brief ischemia of the global cerebrum, resulting in delayed neuronal death several days after ischemic insult (Ito et al., 1975; Pulsinellie et al., 1979;Kirino, 1982;Kirino andSano, 1984a, b; Petito et al., 1987;Bonnekoh et al., 1990). It remains, however, unknown whether this delayed neuronal death is necrosis or apoptosis. According to the morphological criteria of apoptosis, dying cells show chromatin condensation and cell shrinkage, followed by heterophagocytosis (Kerr et al, 1987; Clarke, 1990). In the course of the study of the delayed death of the CA1 pyramidal neurons after transient ischemia, we noticed that shrinkage of these neurons suddenly occurs 3 or 4 days after ischemic insult. This suggests the possibility that delayed death of the CA1 pyramidal neurons after brief ischemia is not necrotic but apoptotic.

Keywords

Pyramidal Neuron Cysteine Proteinase Ischemic Insult Autophagic Vacuole Immunogold Particle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Nitatori
    • 1
  • N. Sato
    • 2
  • E. Kominami
    • 3
  • Y. Uchiyama
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Cell Biology and NeuroanatmyIwata Medical School University of MedicineMoriokaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Anantomy 1Osaka University School of MedicineOsakaJapan
  3. 3.Department of BiochemistryJuntendo University School of MedicineTokyoJapan

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