Substrate Specificity of Natural Variants and Genetically Engineered Intermediates of Bacillus Lentus Alkaline Proteases
Three natural variants of subtilisin lentus could be differentiated by their amino acid sequence and their specific activity with low molecular weight peptide substrates of the type sAAPFpNA. The variants had amino acid exchanges in five, respective six positions of their amino acid sequence, four of which are located in the substrate loop of the enzyme (positions 92 – 102). Variants of one type of highly alkaline subtilisin (subtilisin 309) were made by site directed mutagenesis, each containing one of the corresponding amino acid exchanges. These intermediate forms were tested for activity, pH-dependence and substrate specificity. The changes in substrate affinity were relatively small for substrates with different amino acids as PI residue. The differences in activity on peptide-substrates could be related primarily to a single amino acid substitution in the S4 substrate binding pocket in position 102.
With subtrate variations in the P3 amino acid residue, changes in kcat and Km revealed the importance of the charged amino acid exchanged between subtilisin 309 and BLAP. By these experiments an interaction of amino acid position 101 and the P3 residue of the substrate could be demonstrated.
The substitution of two differently charged amino acids in the substrate binding region resulted in an unchanged pH-profile of the natural enzyme. With the single exchange intermediates differences in the pH-profile could be found, defending on the substrate tested: a characteristic change was observed with casein as substrate, no such change occurred with hemoglobin.
KeywordsAmino Acid Position Charge Amino Acid Peptide Substrate Amino Acid Exchange Substrate Binding Region
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