Advertisement

Toward Improved Management of Arid and Semiarid Banded Landscapes

  • James C. Noble
  • Regis Peltier
  • Pierre Montagne
  • El H. L. Mahamane
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 149)

Abstract

Regularly patterned vegetation in arid ecosystems has been well documented in diverse regions of the world including northern Mexico (Montaña 1992), Sudan (Wickens and Collier 1971), South Africa (van der Meulen and Morris 1979), and Jordan (White 1969). Such patterning has been attributed primarily to endogenous landscape processes, particularly those relating to redistribution of rainfall (Boaler and Hodge 1962; White 1971; Cornet, Delhoume, and Montana 1988; Greene 1992; Stafford Smith and Pickup 1993; Ludwig, Tongway and Marsden 1994; Ludwig and Tongway 1995; Thiéry, d’Herbès, and Valentin 1995; Tongway and Ludwig 1995; Dunkerley 1997).

Keywords

Perennial Grass Landscape Function Improve Management Landscape Process Rangeland Management 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bertrand, A. 1991. Compléments méthodologiques et recomandations pratiques relatifs à la création, l’animation et le suivi des marchés ruraux de bois de feu et des aménagements forestiers villageois. Doc. Tech. 14. Niamey, Niger: Projet Energie II, Volet Offre.Google Scholar
  2. Boaler, S.B., and Hodge, C.A.H. 1962. Vegetation stripes in Somaliland. J. Ecol. 50: 465–474.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brown, J.R. 1994. State and transition models for rangelands. 2. Ecology as a basis for rangeland management: performance criteria for testing models. Trop. Grassl. 28: 206–213.Google Scholar
  4. Cattelino, P.J., Noble, I.R., Slatyer, R.O., and Kesseil, S.R. 1979. Predicting the multiple pathways of plant succession. Environ. Manage. 3: 41–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Clos-Arceduc, M. 1956. Etude sur photographies aériennes d’une formation végétale sahélienne: la brousse tigrée. Bull. IFAN XVII (3) Ser. A: 677–684.Google Scholar
  6. Cornet, A., Delhoume, J.P., and Montaña, C. 1988. Dynamics of striped vegetation patterns and water balance in the Chihuahuan Desert. In Diversity and pattern in plant communities, eds. H.J. During, M.J.A. Weger, and J.H. Willems, pp. 221–231. The Hague: Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  7. Dunkerley, D.L. 1997. Banded vegetation: development under uniform rainfall from a simple cellular automaton model. Plant Ecol. 129: 103–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Greene, R.S.B. 1992. Soil physical properties of three geomorphic zones in a semi-arid mulga woodland. Aust. J. Soil Res. 30: 55–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hiernaux, P., and Gérard, B. 1999. The influence of vegetation pattern on the productivity, diversity and stability of the vegetation: the case of “brousse tigrée” in the Sahel. Acta Oecol. 20: 147–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Holling, C.S., ed. 1978. Adaptive environmental assessment and management. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
  11. Holling, C.S. 1992. Cross-scale morphology, geometry, and dynamics of ecosystems. Ecol. Monogr. 62: 447–502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Holling, C.S. 1995. What barriers? What bridges? In Barriers and bridges to the renewal of ecosystems and institutions, eds. L.H. Gunderson, C.S. Holling, and S.S. Light, pp. 3–36. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Ludwig, J.A., and Tongway, D.J. 1995. Spatial organisation of landscapes and its function in semi-arid woodlands, Australia. Landscape Ecol. 10: 51–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ludwig, J.A., and Tongway, D.J. 1996. Rehabilitation of semiarid landscapes in Australia. II. Restoring vegetation patches. Restor. Ecol. 4: 398–406.Google Scholar
  15. Ludwig, J.A., Sinclair, R.E., and Noble, I.R. 1992. Embedding a rangeland simulation model within a decision support system. Math. Comput. Simul. 33: 373–378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ludwig, J.A., Tongway, D.J., and Marsden, S.G. 1994. A flow-filter model for simulating the conservation of limited resources in spatially heterogeneous, semi-arid landscapes. Pac. Conserv. Biol. 1: 209–213.Google Scholar
  17. Mabbutt, J.A., and Fanning, P.C. 1987. Vegetation banding in arid Western Australia. J. Arid Environ. 12: 41–59.Google Scholar
  18. Matly, M. 1990. Séminaire interne du Volet Demande-Marketing. Doc. Tech. 8. Niamey, Niger: Projet Energie II.Google Scholar
  19. Montagne, P., and Mahamane, El H.L. 1996. Political and socio-economic aspects of forest management: the case of the Household Energy Strategy in Niger. Selected paper, symposium on banded vegetation patterning in arid and semi-arid environment, April 2–5, 1996, Paris. Paris: ORSTOM.Google Scholar
  20. Montagne, P., Housseini, M., and Sanda, L.O. 1997. Les marchés ruraux de bois-énergie: le mode de développement. In Fonctionnement et gestion des écosystèmes forestiers contractés sahéliens, eds. J.M. d’Herbés, J.M.K. Ambouta, and R. Peltier, pp. 169–184. Paris: John Libbey Eurotext.Google Scholar
  21. Montaña, C. 1992. The colonization of bare areas in two-phase mosaics of an arid ecosystem. J. Ecol. 80: 315–327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Moore, R.M. 1972. Trees and shrubs in Australian grazing lands. In Plants for sheep in Australia: a review of pasture, browse and fodder crop research 1948–70, eds. J.H. Leigh and J.C Noble, pp. 55–64. Sydney: Angus and Robertson.Google Scholar
  23. Newsome, A.E. 1975. An ecological comparison of the two arid-zone kangaroos of Australia, and their anomalous prosperity since the introduction of ruminant stock to their environments. Q. Rev. Biol. 50: 389–424.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Noble, I.R., and Slatyer, R.O. 1980. The use of vital attributes to predict successional changes in plant communities subject to recurrent disturbances. Vegetatio 43: 5–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Noble, J.C. 1997. The delicate and noxious scrub. Canberra: CSIRO Wildlife and Ecology.Google Scholar
  26. Noble, J.C., and Brown, J. 1997. A landscape perspective on rangeland management. In Landscape ecology, function and management: principles from Australia’s rangelands, eds. J. Ludwig, D. Tongway, D. Freudenberger, J. Noble, and K. Hodgkinson, pp. 79–92. Melbourne: CSIRO Publishing.Google Scholar
  27. Noble, J.C., and Kimber, R.G. (1997). On the ethno-ecology of mallee root-water. Aborig. Hist. 21: 170–202.Google Scholar
  28. Noble, J.C., and Tongway, D.J. 1986a. Pastoral settlement in arid and semi-arid rangelands. In Australian soils: the human impact, eds. J.S. Russell and R.F. Isbell, pp. 217–242. St. Lucia, Australia: University of Queensland Press.Google Scholar
  29. Noble, J.C., and Tongway, D.J. 1986b. Herbivores in arid and semi-arid rangelands. In Australian soils: the human impact, eds. J.S. Russell and R.F. Isbell. pp. 243–270. St. Lucia: University of Queensland Press.Google Scholar
  30. Noble, J.C., Cunningham, G.M., and Mulham, W.E. 1984. Rehabilitation of degraded land. In Management of Australia’s rangelands, eds. G.N. Harrington, A.D. Wilson, and M.D. Young, pp. 171–186. Melbourne: CSIRO.Google Scholar
  31. Noble, J.C., Diggle, P.J., and Whitford, W.G. 1989. The spatial distributions of termite pavements and hummock feeding sites in a semi-arid woodland in eastern Australia. Acta Oecol./Oecol. Gen. 10: 355–376.Google Scholar
  32. Noble, J.C., MacLeod, N., and Griffin, G. 1997. The rehabilitation of landscape function in rangelands. In Landscape ecology, function and management: principles from Australia’s rangelands, eds. J. Ludwig, D. Tongway, D. Freudenberger, J. Noble, and K. Hodgkinson, pp. 107–120. Melbourne: CSIRO Publishing.Google Scholar
  33. Noble, J.C., Greene, R.S.B., and Müller, W.J. 1998. Herbage production following rainfall redistribution in a semi-arid mulga (Acacia aneura) woodland in western New South Wales. Rangel. J. 20: 206–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Noble, J.C., Habermehl, M.A., James, C.D., Landsberg, J., Langston, A.C., and Morton, S.R. 1998. Biodiversity implications of water management in the Great Artesian Basin. Rangel. J. 20: 275–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Norton, G.A., and Mumford, J.D. 1984. Decision making in pest control. Adv. Applic. Biol. 8:87–119.Google Scholar
  36. Noss, R.F. 1990. Indicators for monitoring biodiversity: a hierarchical approach. Conserv. Biol. 4: 355–364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Noy-Meir, I. 1985. Desert ecosystem structure and function. In Ecosystems of the world. Hot deserts and arid shrublands, vol. 12A, eds. M. Evenari, I. Noy-Meir, and D.W. Goodall, pp. 93–103. Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  38. Peltier, R., Lawali, E.M., and Montagne, P. 1994. Aménagement villageois des brousses ta-chetées au Niger. 1ère partie—le milieu: potentiel et contraintes. [Management of the spotted bush by Niger villagers. Part 1—the environment: potential and constraints.] Bois Forêts Trop. 242: 59–76.Google Scholar
  39. Pickard, J. 1992. Technological changes in fences and European pastoral heritage in semi-arid New South Wales. Rangel. J. 14: 9–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Piot, J., Nebout, J.P., Nanot, R., and Toutain, B. 1980. Utilisation des ligneux sahéliens par les herbivores domestiques. Étude quantitative dans la zone sud de la mare d’Oursi. Paris: GERDAT.Google Scholar
  41. Scifres, C.J. 1980. Brush management: principles and practices for Texas and the South-west. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press.Google Scholar
  42. Scifres, C.J. 1986. Integrated management systems for improvement of rangeland. In Notillage and surface tillage agriculture: the tillage revolution, eds. M.A. Sprague and G.B. Triplett, pp. 227–259. New York: John Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
  43. Scifres, C.J. 1987. Decision-analysis approach to brush management planning: ramifications for integrated range resources management. J. Range Manage. 40: 482–490.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Scifres, C.J., and Hamilton, W.T. 1993. Prescribed burning for brushland management: the south Texas example. College Station: Texas A&M University Press.Google Scholar
  45. Seghieri, J., and Galle, S. 1999. Run-on contribution to a Sahelian two-phase mosaic system: soil water regime and vegetation life cycles. Acta Oecol. 20: 209–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Seghieri, J., Galle, S., Rajot, J.L., and Ehrmann, M. 1997. Relationships between soil moisture and growth of herbaceous plants in a natural vegetation mosaic in Niger. J. Arid Environ. 36:87–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Serpantié, G., Tezenas du Montcel, L., and Valentin, C. 1991. La dynamique des états de sur-face d’un territoire agro-pastoral soudano-sahélien sous aridification climatique: conséquences et propositions. En L’aridité, une contrainte au développement, eds. E. Le Floc’h, M. Grouzis, A. Cornet, and J.C. Bille, pp. 419–448. Paris: ORSTROM, Coll. Didactiques.Google Scholar
  48. Stafford Smith, D.M., and Foran, B.D. 1990. RANGEPACK: the philosophy underlying the development of a microcomputer-based decision support system for pastoral land management. J. Biogeogr. 17: 541–546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Stafford Smith, D.M., and Pickup, G. 1993. Pattern and production in arid lands. Proc. Ecol. Soc. Aust. 16: 195–200.Google Scholar
  50. Thiéry, J.M., d’Herbès, J.M. and Valentin, C 1995. A model simulating the genesis of banded vegetation patterns in Niger. J. Ecol. 83: 497–507.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Tindale, N.B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia. Their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits and proper names. Canberra: Australian National University Press.Google Scholar
  52. Tongway, D.J. 1994. Rangeland soil condition assessment manual. Melbourne: CSIRO Publishing.Google Scholar
  53. Tongway, D., and Hindley, N. 1995. Manual for soil condition assessment of tropical grasslands. Canberra: CSIRO Wildlife and Ecology.Google Scholar
  54. Tongway, D.J., and Ludwig, J.A. 1990. Vegetation and soil patterning in semi-arid mulga lands of eastern Australia. Aust. J. Ecol. 15: 23–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Tongway, D.J., and Ludwig, J.A. 1994. Small-scale resource heterogeneity in semi-arid landscapes. Pac. Conserv. Biol. 1:201–208.Google Scholar
  56. Tongway, D.J., and Ludwig, J.A. 1995. Function and dysfunction in mulga woodlands. In Ecological research and management in the mulgalands, eds. M.J. Page and TS. Beutel, pp. 85–89. Brisbane, Australia: Gatton College, University of Queensland.Google Scholar
  57. Tongway, D.J., and Ludwig, J.A. 1996. Rehabilitation of semiarid landscapes in Australia. II. Restoring productive soil patches. Restor. Ecol. 4: 388–397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Tongway, D.J., Ludwig, J.A., and Whitford, W.G. 1989. Mulga log mounds: fertile patches in the semi-arid woodlands of eastern Australia. Aust. J. Ecol. 14: 263–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. van der Meulen, F., and Morris, J.W. 1979. Striped vegetation patterns in a Transvaal savanna (South Africa). Geo-Eco-Tropica 3: 253–266.Google Scholar
  60. Walters, C.J., and Holling, C.S. 1990. Large-scale management experiments a learning by doing. Ecology 71: 2060–2068.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. West, N.E. 1993. Biodiversity of rangelands. J. Range Manage. 46: 2–3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. White, L.P. 1969. Vegetation arcs in Jordan. J. Ecol. 57: 461–464.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. White, L.P. 1970. Brousse tigrée patterns in southern Niger. J. Ecol. 58: 549–553.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. White, L.P. 1971. Vegetation stripes on sheet wash surfaces. J. Ecol. 59: 615–612.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Wickens, G.E., and Collier, F.W. 1971. Some vegetation patterns in the Republic of Sudan. Geoderma 6: 43–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Wilson, A.D., and MacLeod, N.D. 1991. Overgrazing: present or absent? J. Range Manage. 44: 475–482.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • James C. Noble
  • Regis Peltier
  • Pierre Montagne
  • El H. L. Mahamane

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations