Simon Newcomb

b. 12 March 1835 d. 11 July 1909
  • Peter Guttorp


Noted Canadian-born astronomer Simon Newcomb contributed especially to the treatment of outliers in statistics and to the application of probability theory to data.


Normal Mixture Normal Mixture Model Naval Observatory Robust Statistical Method Office Duty 
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  1. Archibald, R. C. (1924). Simon Newcomb 1835–1909. Bibliography of his life and work. Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences, 17, 19–69.Google Scholar
  2. Campbell, W. W. (1924). Biographical Memoir Simon Newcomb 1835–1909. Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences, 17, 1–18.Google Scholar
  3. Clausius, R. (1858). Über die mittlere Länge der Wege, welche bei Molekularbewegung gasförmigen Körper von den einzelnen Molecülen zurück gelegt werden, nebst einigen anderen Bemerkungen über die mechanischen Wärmetheorie. Annalen der Physik 105, 239–258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Newcomb, S. (1859–61). Notes on the Theory of Probabilities. Mathematics Monthly 1, 136–139, 233–235, 331–355, 349–350; 2, 134–140, 272–275; 3, 68, 119–125, 341–349.Google Scholar
  5. Newcomb, S. (1881). Note on the frequency of use of different digits in natural numbers. American Journal of Mathematics, 4, 39–40.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Newcomb, S. (1882). Discussion and Results of Observations on Transits of Mercury from 1677 to 1881. Astr. Papers, 1, 363–487. Published by the U.S. Nautical Almanac Office.Google Scholar
  7. Newcomb, S. (1886). A generalized theory of the combination of observations so as to obtain the best result. American Journal of Mathematics, 8, 343–366.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Stigler, S. M. (1973). Simon Newcomb, Percy Daniell, and the History of Robust Estimation 1885–1920. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 68, 872–879.MathSciNetMATHGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Guttorp

There are no affiliations available

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