Irenée-Jules Bienaymé

b. 28 August 1796 d. 19 October 1878
  • E. Seneta


Bienaymé was a civil servant. A disciple of Laplace, he proved the Bienaymé-Chebyshev Inequality some years before Chebyshev, and stated the Criticality Theorem of branching processes completely correctly in 1845. His work on corrrecting the use of the Duvillard life table is perhaps his greatest achievement as a statistician in the public domain.


Public Domain Civil Servant Great Achievement Discrete Random Variable Fundamental Inequality 
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  1. Bru, B., Jongmans, F. and Seneta, E. (1992). I.J. Bienaymé: Family information and the proof of the criticality theorem. International Statistical Review, 60, 177–183.MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Centre d’Analyse et de Mathématique Sociales (1997). Irenée-Jules Bienaymé, 1796–1878. Actes de la journée organisée le 21 juin 1996. C.A.M.S.-138. Série “Histoire du Calcul des Probabilités” No. 28,124 pp. (54 Boulevard Raspail, 75270 PARI Cedes 06).Google Scholar
  3. Heyde, C.C. and Seneta, E. (1972). The simple branching process, a turning point test and a fundamental inequality: A historical note on I.J. Bienaymé. Biometrika 59, 680–683.MathSciNetMATHGoogle Scholar
  4. Heyde, C.C. and Seneta, E. (1977). I.J. Bienaymé: Statistical Theory Anticipated. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Jongmans, F. and Seneta, E. (1993). The Bienaymé family history from archival materials and background to the turning-point test. Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège, 62, 121–145.MathSciNetMATHGoogle Scholar
  6. Seneta, E. (1982). Bienaymé, Irenée-Jules. Encyclopedia of Statistical Sciences (S. Kotz and N.L. Johnson, eds.). Wiley, New York. Vol. 1, pp. 231–233.Google Scholar

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

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  • E. Seneta

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