• Manfred Broy
  • Ketil Stølen
Part of the Monographs in Computer Science book series (MCS)


In modern technology we find interactive systems in many different forms and variations. Such systems may consist of mechanical parts, of electronic parts — called hardware, and of programs — called software. The programs are executed on the hardware. Typically, interactive systems consist of a set of components cooperating and exchanging information through interaction. In most cases, the interaction among the different components is rather sophisticated.


Sugar Encapsulation Exter 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manfred Broy
    • 1
  • Ketil Stølen
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Institut für InformatikTechnische Universität MünchenMünchenGermany
  2. 2.Sintef Telecom and InformaticsOsloNorway
  3. 3.Department of InformaticsUniversity of OsloOsloNorway

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