Advertisement

Rates of Coarse-Wood Decomposition

  • Donald E. Todd
  • Paul J. Hanson
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 166)

Abstract

Although coarse-wood (> 5 cm in diameter) decomposition rates were not evaluated as a part of the Throughfall Displacement Experiment (TDE) effort, a previous dataset from early Walker Branch studies (Todd et al. 1976) was available to address coarse-wood decomposition under ambient conditions. These data are included in this volume because woody decay is important to the ecosystem carbon budget of temperate deciduous forests (Chapter 22, this volume). A multiyear experiment to investigate site and species effects on decay rates and nutrient release or immobilization from decaying wood was established in March of 1972. Trees representing a range of wood characteristics (Carya sp., Liriodendron tulipifera, Pinus echinata, and Quercus prinus) were harvested during the winter of 1971/1972 and cut into sections having a constant length of 30 cm but variable diameters, ranging from 5 to 18 cm. Branch sections were placed on the Walker Branch watershed in valley bottom, midslope, and ridge-top sites. The branches were retrieved from the field twice annually through 1975, at which time the experiment was discontinued because the condition of the branch samples would not support further observations.

Keywords

Mass Loss Coarse Woody Debris Woody Debris Temperate Deciduous Forest Wood Decomposition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abbott DT and Crossley DA Jr. (1982) Woody litter decomposition following clear-cutting. Ecology 63:35–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alban DH, Pastor J (1993) Decomposition of aspen, spruce, and pine boles on two sites in Minnesota. Can J For Res 23:1744–1749.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arthur MA, Tritton LM, Fahey TJ (1993) Dead bole mass and nutrients remaining 23 years after clear-felling of a northern hardwood forest. Can J For Res 23:1298–1305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chambers JQ, Higuchi N, Schimel JP, Ferreira LV, Melack JM (2000) Decomposition and carbon cycling of dead trees in tropical forests of the central Amazon. Oecologia 122:380–388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chambers JQ, Schimel JP, Nobre AD (2001) Respiration from coarse wood litter in central Amazon forests. Biogeochem 52:115–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen H, Harmon ME, Griffiths RP, Hicks W (2000) Effects of temperature and moisture on carbon respired from decomposing woody roots. For Ecol Manage 138:51–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chueng N, Brown S (1995) Decomposition of silver maple (Acer saccharinum L) woody debris in a central Illinois bottomland forest. Wetlands 15:232–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Foster JR, Lang GE (1982) Decomposition of red spruce and balsam fir boles in the White Mountains of New Hampshire. Can J For Res 12:617–626.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Lang GE, Knight DH (1979) Decay rates for the boles of tropical trees in Panama. Biotropica 11:316–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lambert RL, Lang GE, Reiners WA (1980) Loss of mass and chemical change in decaying boles of subalpine balsam fir forest. Ecology 6:1460–1473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. MacMillan PC (1981) Log decomposition in Donaldson’s Woods, Spring Mill State Park, Indiana. Am Midi Nat 106:335–344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. MacMillan PC (1988) Decomposition of coarse woody debris in an old-growth Indiana forest. Can J For Res 18: 1353–1362.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Matson KG, Swank WT, Waide JB (1987) Decomposition of woody debris in a regenerating, clear-cut forest in the Southern Appalachians. Can J For Res 17:712–721.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Olsen JS (1963) Energy storage and the balance of the producers and decomposers in ecological systems. Ecology 44:322–331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Onega TL, Eickmeier WG (1991) Woody debris inputs and decomposition kinetics in a southern temperate deciduous forest. Bull Torrey Bot Club 118:52–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Progar RA, Schowalter TD, Freitag CM, Morrell JJ (2000) Respiration from coarse woody debris as affected by moisture and saprotroph functional diversity in Western Oregon. Oecologia 124:426–431.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Todd DE, Hendersen GS, Harris WF (1976) Nutrient release from decaying wood. Agronomy Abstracts. Agronomy Society of America.Google Scholar
  18. Madison, WI. Tyrrell LE, Crow TR (1994) Dynamics of dead wood in old-growth hemlock-hardwood forests of northern Wisconsin and northern Michigan. Can J For Res 24:1672–1683.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald E. Todd
  • Paul J. Hanson

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations