Fifteen Years’ Experience with Mechanical Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

  • Larry H. Birch
Conference paper


In 1959 at Butterworth Hospital in Grand Rapids, Michigan, we trained our house staff in the open-chest heart massage technique using dogs. That experience was a stimulus to work with Mr. Clare Barkalow, head of advanced engineering of the Lear-Sigler Corporation, on a tulip-shaped double-walled cup which would slip around the heart to carry out internal cardiac massage by pneumatic compression of the inner wall of the cup. We envisioned pacer and defibrillator electrodes imbedded in the cup.


Chest Compression House Staff Grand Rapid External Cardiac Massage Resuscitation Team 
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  1. 1.
    Birch LH, Kenny, LK, et al: A study of external cardiac compression. J Mich State Med Soc 61: 1, 1962Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tucker M, et al: Importance of prolonged compression phase during external cardiac massage. Circulation 52 (Suppl 2): 251, 1975Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rudikoff M, et al: Importance of compression rate during external cardiac massage in man. Circulation 54 (Suppl 2): 225, 1976Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Larry H. Birch

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