Esophageal Electrocardiography and Low-Energy Ventricular Defibrillation

  • James O. Elam
  • Enrique Via Reque
  • Christen C. Rattenborg
Conference paper


Although the esophageal site for ECG electrodes is well established, it is seldom, if ever, applied during CPR. Our laboratory studies demonstrated unique advantages in the stability of the ECG records obtained during chest compression, results of which were confirmed in anesthetized patients during simulated CPR.


External Electrode Esophageal Balloon Ventricular Defibrillation Defibrillator Electrode Esophageal Electrode 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • James O. Elam
  • Enrique Via Reque
  • Christen C. Rattenborg

There are no affiliations available

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