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Ideas of Beginnings and Endings in Cosmology

  • J. Merleau-Ponty

Abstract

As far as the philosophy of time is concerned, more specifically of cosmic time, the ancient Greek philosophers still provide a basic reference. Out of the small number of possible solutions, they clearly formulated three: those of Democritus, Plato and Aristotle. Among the three, one, at best, that of Plato, if carefully qualified, implied a beginning of the world. By contrast, such a beginning was categorically asserted in the Book of Genesis. It was taken by the Christians as an untouchable dogma. They were at pains to build a philosophy grounded on the Greek tradition and the Judaic dogma.

Keywords

Prime Mover Ancient Philosophy Aristotelian Concept Aristotelian View Cosmic Order 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Diels-Kranz, Fragmente der Vorsokratiker, 8th ed. 67 A 21 (II, p. 76); 68 A I (37) (II, p. 84); 68 A 40 (II, p. 94)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    ibid. 68 A 82 (II, p. 104)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    ibid. 68 A 66–67 (II, p. 101).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Phaedo 97 b-c.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Timaeus 29–31a.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    ibid. 37 d.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
    Metaphys. 1071b–1072a.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Metaphys. 1071b–1072a; de Caelo 279a 15–20.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Physics 278b 3.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Metaphys. 1072a.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    ibid. 1072bGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    de Caelo 270b 14.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Book XI. xii 14Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    ibid, xiii 16Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    ibid, xiv 17, in fine.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    ibid, xxiii 30, in fine.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Commentary on the de Caelo I, lect. 29.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    On this, see F. C. Haber “The Cathedral Clock and the Cosmological Clock Metaphor,” The Study of Time II (New York: Springer Verlag, 1975).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Merleau-Ponty

There are no affiliations available

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