Development of Vegetation after Clear-Cutting: Species Strategies and Plant Community Dynamics

  • F. Herbert Bormann
  • Gene E. Likens


The focus of this chapter is the regrowth of vegetation during the Reorganization and Aggradation Phases. Our emphasis will be on plant community dynamics and species strategies, but it must not be forgotten that ecosystem development involves an array of organisms—plants, animals, and microorganisms. Parasites, predators, symbionts, and decomposers may speed or direct changes in plant populations, or they themselves may decline or disappear as a result of changes in plant-community dynamics. Integrating our knowledge of these relationships represents a major challenge for future ecosystem studies.


Sugar Maple Northern Hardwood White Birch Exogenous Disturbance Northern Hardwood Forest 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Herbert Bormann
    • 1
  • Gene E. Likens
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Forestry and Environmental StudiesYale UniversityNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Ecosystem StudiesMillbrookUSA

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