Chemical, physical, and biological methods for the disposal and detoxification of pesticides

  • Douglas M. Munnecke
Conference paper
Part of the Residue Reviews book series (RECT, volume 70)


In the agricultural practices throughout the industrial world, and to a lesser extent in the developing countries, pesticides are an important factor in maintaining high agricultural productivity. Starting before World War II, and progressing extremely quickly in the 1950s and early 1960s, the development and application of organic pesticides to agricultural needs was instrumental in increasing the worldwide production of food and fiber. The magnitude of this pesticide industry and its growth dynamics are described in Table I. The pesticide market is expected to increase at approximately six to eight % per year and to reach in 1980 a production level of 2.29 billion kg of formulated pesticide products (Doyle 1976) with a market value of $5.8 billion at 1974 prices. The difficulty of accurately describing the size of the pesticide market is shown by the fact that Wood et al. (1977) reported 1976 worldwide sales to be $7.0 billion while another survey estimated that the 1980 market will represent $7.4 billion worldwide (Farm Chemicals 1975).


Chemical Oxygen Demand Activate Charcoal Hazardous Waste Organophosphate Insecticide Chemical Hydrolysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas M. Munnecke
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für BodenbiologieBundesforschungsanstalt für LandwirtschaftBraunschweigW. Germany

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