Fisher and the Analysis of Variance
The development of the analysis of variance and many of its applications is one of the main evidences of Fisher’s genius. In this lecture I have described some of Fisher’s papers on analysis of variance that particularly interested me. The first paper on this topic (with W.A. Mackenzie) appeared in 1923 [CP 32]. Two aspects of this paper are of historical interest. At that time Fisher did not fully understand the rules of the analysis of variance — his analysis is wrong — nor the role of randomization. Secondly, although the analysis of variance is closely tied to additive models, Fisher rejects the additive model in his first analysis of variance, proceeding to a multiplicative model as more reasonable.
KeywordsCorn Urea Covariance Manure Potash
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