Advertisement

Materials Testing of Arthropod Cuticle Preparations

  • H. R. Hepburn
  • H. D. Chandler
Part of the Springer Series in Experimental Entomology book series (SSEXP)

Abstract

The science of strength of materials is very old, and its importance was certainly appreciated by the monument builders of antiquity, although their studies were essentially empirical in approach. The systematic study of material behavior really stems from the period of da Vinci and Galileo, when tests on materials such as wood and stone were made because of material failure problems associated with large buildings. It was not until the nineteenth century that the subject progressed considerably, owing to the proliferation of materials problems associated with machinery and transportation during the Industrial Revolution. A further step forward in understanding properties of materials came at the end of the last century when the science of microscopy was used to study the structure of engineering materials. Information obtained by microscopy combined with mechanical test data began to show how the mechanical properties were entirely dependent on the structure of a material.

Keywords

Fiber Direction Force Extension Curve Mechanical Test Data Intersegmental Membrane Prove Ring 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Andrews EH (1968) Fracture in polymers. Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  2. Bennet-Clark HC (1961) The mechanics of feeding in the bug Rhodnius prolixus Stål. PhD dissertation, University of Cambridge.Google Scholar
  3. Butterworth GAM, Abbott NJ (1967) Mechanical testing of polymeric fibrous materials. J Mater 2(3):487–518.Google Scholar
  4. Daly HV (1963) Close-packed and fibrillar muscles of the Hymenoptera. Ann Entomol Soc Am 56: 295–306.Google Scholar
  5. Dingley DJ (1969) A simple straining stage for the scanning electron microscope. Micron 1:206–210.Google Scholar
  6. Hearmon RFS (1953) The elastic and plastic properties of natural wood. In: Meredith R (ed) Mechanical properties of wood and paper. North-Holland Publ Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  7. Hepburn HR, Chandler HD: (1975) A new classification for arthropod cuticles. S AfrJ Sci 71:311–312.Google Scholar
  8. Hepburn HR, Chandler HD: (1976) Material properties of arthropod cuticles: the arthrodial membranes. J Comp Physiol 69:177–198.Google Scholar
  9. Hepburn HR, Joffe I (1976) On the material properties of insect exoskeletons. In: Hepburn HR (ed) The insect integument. Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  10. Hepburn HR, Levy H (1975) Mechanical properties of some larval cuticles. J. Entomol Soc South Afr 38:131–140.Google Scholar
  11. Hepburn HR, Chandler HD, Davidoff MR (1979) Extensometric properties of insect fibroins: The green lacewing cross-beta, honeybee alpha-helical and greater waxmoth parallel-beta conformations. Insect Biochem 8:69–77.Google Scholar
  12. Hindman H, Burr GS (1949) The Instron tensile tester. Trans Am Soc Mech Eng Paper No. 48-A-68:789-796.Google Scholar
  13. Jarman GM, Hinton HE (1975) Some defence mechanisms of the hercules beetle, Dynastes hercules. J Entomol (A) 49:71–80.Google Scholar
  14. Jensen M, Weis-Fogh T (1962) Biology and physics of locust flight, V. Strength and elasticity of locust cuticle. Phil Trans R Soc B245;137–169.Google Scholar
  15. Joffe I, Hepburn HR (1974) A simple low-cost tensometer for bio-materials testing. Experientia 30:113–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Joffe I, Hepburn HR, Andersen SO (1975) On the mechanical properties of Limulus solid cuticle. J Comp Physiol 101:147–160.Google Scholar
  17. Krzelj S (1969) Structure anatomique comparee des elytres de Coleoptewres. Ann Soc RZool Belg 99:85–109.Google Scholar
  18. Neville AC (1975) Biology of arthropod cuticle. Springer, Berlin.Google Scholar
  19. Phelan RM (1967) Dynamics of machinery. McGraw-Hill, New York.Google Scholar
  20. Reid CN (1973) Deformation geometry for materials scientists. Pergamon, Oxford.Google Scholar
  21. Reynolds SE (1975a) The mechanical properties of the abdominal cuticle of Rhodnius larvae. J Exp Biol 62:69–80.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Reynolds SE (1975b) The mechanism of plasticization of the abdominal cuticle in Rhodnius. J Exp Biol 62:81–98.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Robinson K (1969) Carbon fibres tensile testing. Eng Mater Design, September.Google Scholar
  24. Schmidt JO, Blum MS (1977) Adaptations and responses of Dasymutilla oc-cidentatis (Hymenoptera: Mutillidáe) to predators. Entomol Exp Appl. 21:99–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Timoshenko S (1956) Strength of materials. Van Nostrand, Princeton NJ.Google Scholar
  26. Vincent JFV (1975) Locust oviposition: Stress softening of the extensible inter-segmental membranes. Proc R Soc London B188:189–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Vincent JFV, Prentice JH (1973) Rheological properties of the extensible inter-segmental membrane of the adult female locust. J Mater Sci 8:640–643.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Warnock FV, Benham PP (1965) Mechanics of solids and strength of materials. Pitman, London.Google Scholar
  29. Worsnop BL, Flint W (1961) Advanced practical physics for students. Methuen, London.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. R. Hepburn
  • H. D. Chandler

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations