The Zones of Time in Music and Human Activity

  • L. Bielawski


The outstanding Polish logician and philosopher, Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz, believed that “time” has four different meanings: (1) “a moment, an exact date, a point of time”; (2) “a period of time, a span of time, a time interval”; (3) “duration, the length of a time period”; (4) “an all-embracing period of time.” My analysis and interpretation of these meanings is seen in Figure 1.


Light Wave Audible Sound Zonal Theory Musical Time Language Phoneme 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. K. Ajdukiewicz 1963. “Czas” (“Time”). In Wielka encyclopedia powszechna PWN, vol. 2, Warszawa, pp. 703–04.Google Scholar
  2. L. Bielawski 1972; 1973. “Stefowy charakter czasu muzycznego” (“Zonal Character of Musical Time”). In Muzyka. Kwartalnik poświecony historii i teorii muzyki. IS PAN Warszawa, no. 4; nos. 1, 2.Google Scholar
  3. Le Corbusier 1954. The Modulor. A Harmonious Measure to the Human Scale Universally Applicable to Architecture and Mechanics. Cambridge.Google Scholar

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© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1981

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  • L. Bielawski

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