Preoperative Shower Bath with 4% Chlorhexidine Detergent Solution: Reduction of Staphylococcus Aureus in Skin Carriers and Practical Application
Our interest in the skin bacteria of surgical patients originated during a study of orthopedic postoperative wound infections at Sahlgrens Hospital and at ou laboratory. Gö, Sweden. The dominant bacterium in early infections following operations of the hip was Staphylococcus aureus, as we the case in the study from the Lund, Sweden, by Ericsson et al.4 In environmental studies, bacteria from the orthopedic patient’s specific environment—from the operating room or recovery unit—could not be traced in patients with S. aureus infections. However, in many cases S. aureus with the same phage type was isolated before operation from the patient’s nose and/or skin.7 It was concluded that in all probability the patients were their own sources of infection.
KeywordsAgar Staphylococcus Lecithin Weinstein Gluconate
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Backelin B, Bergman BR, Brandberg A The infection panorama in orthopaedic surgery. To be publishedGoogle Scholar
- 4.Ericson C, Lidgren L, Lindberg L (1973) Cloxacillin in the prophylaxis of postoperative infections of the hip. J Bone Joint Surg (Am) 55:808–813Google Scholar
- 7.Hoborn J (1977) Mensch, Bekleidung und Reinraumtechnik. Medita 7 Nr. 9:3–8Google Scholar
- 8.Jarvis AW, Wigley RD (1961) Staphylococcal surgical wound infections, with particular reference to skin flora, and a comaparison of two pre-operative skin preparations. Med J Aust 30:542–545Google Scholar
- 10.Lindberg A (1977) Staphylococcus aureus i hudfloran. En metod för semikvantitativ bedöming - effektiv av tvättning med 4 proc klorhexidin. Lakartideningen 12:1185–1186Google Scholar
- 13.McLaughlan J, Logie JRC, Smylie HG, Smith G (1976) The role of clean air in wound infection acquired during operation. Surg Gynecol Obstet 143:6–8Google Scholar
- 16.Rountree PM, Harrington M, Loewenthal J, Gye R (1960) Staphylococcal wound infection in surgical unit. Lancet II:7140–7145Google Scholar