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Historical Background

  • William P. LongmireJr.
  • Ronald K. Tompkins
Part of the Comprehensive Manuals of Surgical Specialties book series (CMSS)

Abstract

Man’s recognition of the importance of the liver in health and disease and his concern with its functions date back many centuries. In the dawn of medicine, about 3000 B.C., medical papyri from the period of Imhotep in Egypt refer to a variety of diseases, including jaundice, and to their treatment by drugs, magic, and religion. The liver was regarded as the central part of the body in the time of Hammurabi in Mesopotamia (circa 2000 B.C.), and the liver of a sacrificed animal was considered to be a source of prophecies and divinations. Accordingly, the Mesopotamians made remarkably precise clay models of sheep livers in order to train their priests to be specialists in the observation of this organ. A number of these models have been preserved [2].

Keywords

Portal Vein Hepatic Artery Liver Resection Hepatic Vein Hepatic Resection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • William P. LongmireJr.
    • 1
  • Ronald K. Tompkins
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryUCLA School of MedicineLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.UCLA School of MedicineLos AngelesUSA

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