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Organization of Extrastriate Visual Areas in the Macaque Monkey

  • D. C. Van Essen
  • J. H. R. Maunsell
  • J. L. Bixby
Part of the Cortical Sensory Organization book series (CSO, volume 2)

Abstract

In primates, the regions of cerebral cortex that are specifically visual in function occupy the entire occipital lobe plus substantial portions of the temporal and parietal lobes. The division of the occipital lobe into three areas by Brodmann (4) and others on the basis of cytoarchitectonic criteria has been widely accepted, but recent studies have demonstrated that the extrastriate occipital cortex (i.e., Brodmann’s areas 18 and 19) actually contains numerous distinct visual areas. In an Old World monkey, the macaque, five such areas have been identified to date, and in a New World monkey, the owl monkey, seven extrastriate areas have been found in the occipital and temporal lobes (1, 14, 21).

Keywords

Visual Area Striate Cortex Middle Temporal Vertical Meridian Comparative Neurology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© The HUMANA Press Inc. 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. C. Van Essen
    • 1
  • J. H. R. Maunsell
    • 1
  • J. L. Bixby
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of BiologyCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA

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