Control of Stipe Elongation by the Pileus and Mycelium in Fruitbodies of Flammulina velutipes and Other Agaricales

  • Hans E. Gruen
Part of the Springer Series in Microbiology book series (SSMIC)


Interactions between different regions of a mycelium and between different mycelia play an important role in morphogenesis and growth of fungi. The better understood interactions are those which are mediated by substances secreted into the substrate, and which result in the initiation and growth of sexual organs. In Achlya and Mucorales specific sexual hormones have been identified (Barksdale, 1969; Bu’Lock, 1976; van den Ende, 1976), and diffusible, but as yet unidentified compounds play a similar role in the sexual interactions of Ascobolus stercorarius (Bull.) Schroet. (Bistis, 1956, 1957). Bistis also provided strong evidence that initiation of apothecia depends on a diffusible agent released by the ascogonium.


Final Length Agaricus Bisporus Residual Growth Flammulina Velutipes Rapid Elongation 
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  • Hans E. Gruen

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