Spermine Enhances the Speed and Fidelity of Aminoacylation of Transfer Ribonucleic Acid: A Correlation of Precision of Catalysis with Maximal Rate Enhancement
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We show that polyamines specifically enhance the synththeses of “correct”aminoacyl tRNAs (i. e., using the phenylalanine:tRNA ligase of yeast, one synthesizes Phe-tRNAPhe) and specifically inhibit the possible misacylations such as Tyr Phe-tRNATyr that are encouraged by the commonly used high magnesium reaction conditions. We relate this enhancement of rate and precision to current proposals on the mechanisms of enzymic catalysis and extend the concept to the certainty that some of the pre-transition state “strain” in the enzyme substrate complex is in the form of uniquely structured water associated with the enzyme. Release of this structured water during the transition state contributes high positive entropy of activation which lowers the free energy of the transition state, thereby enhancing catalysis.
KeywordsStructure Water Cognate tRNA Transfer Ribonucleic Acid Glycogen Molecule tRNA Ligase
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