Arctic Environmental Quality

  • William Y. Brown
Conference paper


The Arctic environment is characterized by reduced incoming solar radiation and great annual variation in length of day. Vast areas of land remain permanently frozen below the surface, and seas are never completely free of ice. Native Arctic life—plant, animal, and Inuit—is distinctively adapted to the extreme climate. This unique and fragile biota is threatened by many activities; foremost among these are activities associated with energy production. Opportunities exist to minimize these threats. This chapter explores the nature of the Arctic environment, the principal threats now before it, and several opportunities to minimize those threats.


Polar Bear Ringed Seal Tundra Ecosystem Gray Whale Bowhead Whale 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  2. Roland E. Beschel, “The Diversity of Tundra Vegetation,” in W.A. Fuller and P.G. Kenyon, eds., Proceedings of the Conference on Productivity in Northern Circumpolar Lands, Edmonton Alberta, 15–17 October 1969, I.U.C.N. Publications New Series No. 16 (Morges: I.U.C.N., 1970), pp. 8592Google Scholar
  3. V. S. Antonov, “The Possible Impact on the Arctic Ocean from the Proposed Transfer of Water from the Northern Rivers of the U.S.S.R. to the South,” Polar Geology 2 (1978):223–231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • William Y. Brown
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental Defense FundUniversity of HawaiiWashingtonUSA

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