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The United States and the Role of Science in the Arctic

  • Gunter Weller
Conference paper
  • 60 Downloads

Abstract

The Arctic may well occupy a special position in the conduct of science. Like outer space, it has remained remote and relatively inaccessible for a long time, and the first ventures into both regions were carried out mainly for scientific rather than commercial or other purposes. The remoteness of the region has created a degree of “unreality” or nonexistence in the minds of the far-off administrators who are charged with guiding its development. This unreality is illustrated on most maps of the world, in which the size and shape of the Arctic are distorted, sometimes beyond recognition. Like the schoolboy’s famous definition of infinity as being the place “where things happen that don’t” (i.e., where two parallel lines meet), the Arctic, as seen in Washington, DC on a Mercator projection (or any other projection), is often a place where things are believed to happen that in reality do not. One resulting illusion is the belief that the United States has a sizeable interest and commitment to science in the Arctic. In reality it has neither. Yet the Arctic is a large “natural laboratory” of surprising diversity that offers exciting research possibilities in every branch of science. Moreover, the keys to many of our nation’s, and indeed our planet’s, present and future problems may lie in this region.

Keywords

Arctic Ocean International Polar International Geophysical Year Outer Continental Shelf Arctic Research 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Peter Anderson, “Discovery and Exploration in Alaska and the Arctic,”Arctic Bulletin 1, no. 1 (1973): 14.Google Scholar
  2. Robert S. Pritchard, ed., in Sea Ice Processes and Models (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1980), p. 3.Google Scholar
  3. Herman Pollack and Peter Anderson, “United States Policy for the Arctic,” Arctic Bulletin 1, no. 1 (1973):2.Google Scholar
  4. T.O. Jones, “Coordinating Federal Arctic Research,” Arctic Bulletin 1, no. 1 (1973):4.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gunter Weller
    • 1
  1. 1.Geophysical InstituteUniversity of Alaska, University of MelbourneAustralia

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