• James W. Moore
  • S. Ramamoorthy
Part of the Springer Series on Environmental Management book series (SSEM)


Lead is a member of the Group IV elements (C, Si, Ge, Sn, and Pb) of the periodic classification. The electropositive character in this group increases with atomic number and lead is truly metallic compared to carbon and silicon. Lead, unlike C and Si, does not bind to another identical atom, shows marked decrease in covalency, and has stable (+2) and (+4) oxidation states. Members of group IV form organo derivatives. Lead forms alkyl and aryl compounds. Tetraethyllead is widely used as an antiknock agent in gasoline. With the exception of nitrate and acetate, most lead(+2) salts are insoluble in water.


Heavy Metal Humic Acid Rainbow Trout Lead Acetate Marine Pollution Bulletin 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • James W. Moore
    • 1
  • S. Ramamoorthy
    • 1
  1. 1.Alberta Environmental CentreVegrevilleCanada

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