Foundations of the Clausius-Duhem Inequality
To some extent modern continuum thermodynamics amounts to a collection of “thermodynamical theories” sharing common premisses and common methodology. There are theories of elastic materials, of viscous materials, of materials with memory, of mixtures, and so on. It is generally the case that, in the context of each of theory, one considers all processes (compatible with classical conservation laws) that bodies composed of the prescribed material might admit, and, moreover, one supposes that there exists for the theory a “Clausius-Duhem inequality”.
KeywordsMaterial Point Reversible Process Thermodynamic Temperature Thermodynamical Theory Specific Entropy
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