Advertisement

Ultrasonography of Cardiac Valves

  • Gary S. Mintz
  • Morris N. Kotler
  • Ioannis P. Panidis

Abstract

The complete noninvasive evaluation of any prosthetic heart valve is complex. It begins with knowledge of the type and position of the valve being studied; includes a good history and physical examination; and, in the laboratory, continues with phonoechocardiographic (for mechanical valves), two-dimensional echocardiographic (for tissue valves), fluoroscopic, and (most recently) Doppler ultrasound study. Baseline recordings of each valve should be obtained postoperatively so that follow-up studies can be interpreted properly (1–3).

Keywords

Left Atrium Left Atrium Prosthetic Valve Cardiac Valve Prosthetic Heart Valve 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Kotler MN, Mintz GS, Panidis I, Morganroth J, Segal BL, Ross J: Non-invasive evaluation of normal and abnormal prosthetic valve function. J Am Coll Cardiol 2:151, 1983.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kotler MN, Segal BL, Parry WR: Echocardiographic and phonocardiographic evaluation of prosthetic heart valves. In Kotler MN, Segal BL (eds.) Clinical Echocardiography. F. A. Davis, Philadelphia, 1978.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mintz GS, Kotler MN, Steiner RM, Walinsky P: Ultrasonography of prosthetic heart valves. CRC Crit Rev Diagn Imaging 14:243, 1981.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Brodie BR, Grossman W, McLaurin L, Starek PJK, Craige E: Diagnosis of prosthetic mitral valve malfunction with combined echophonocardiography. Circulation 53:93, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mintz GS, Kotler MN, Segal BL: The role of two-dimensional echocardiography in the non-invasive evaluation of prosthetic heart valve function. In: Giuliani ER, Nasser F (eds.) Two- Dimensional Real-Time Imaging of the Heart. Martinus-Nijhoff, Hingham, Mass. In press.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hatle E, Angelsen B: Doppler Ultrasound in Cardiology. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, 1982.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cunha CLP, Giuliani ER, Callahan JA, Pluth JR: Echophonocardiographic findings in patients with prosthetic heart valve malfunction. Mayo Clin Proc 55:231, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Simon EB, Kotler MN, Segal BL, Parry WR: Clinical significance of multiple systolic clicks from Starr-Edward prosthesis valves. Br Heart J 39:645, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Johnson ML: Echocardiographic evaluation of prosthetic heart valves. In: Gramiak R, Wang RC (eds.) Cardiac Ultrasound. C. V. Mosby, St. Louis, 1975.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bernal-Ramirez JA, Phillips JH: Echocardiographic study of malfunction of Bjork-Shiley prosthetic heart valve in the mitral position. Am J Cardiol 40:449, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    DePace N, Lichtenberg R, Kotler MN, Mintz GS, Segal BL, Goel I: Echocardiographic and phonocardiographic assessment of the St. Jude cardiac valve prosthesis. Chest 80:272, 1981.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mintz GS, Carlson EB, Kotler MN: Comparison of noninvasive techniques in the evaluation of the non-tissue cardiac valve prosthesis. Am J Cardiol 49:39, 1982.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Miller FA, Tajik AJ, Seward JB, Callahan JA, Schattenberg TT, Shub C, Giuliani ER, Pluth JR: Prosthetic valve dysfunction: two-dimensional echocardiographic assessment. Circula-tion 64:IV315, 1981.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Schapira JN, Martin RP, Fowles RE, Rakowski H, Stinson EB, French JW, Shumway NE, Popp RL: Two-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of patients with bioprosthetic valves. Am J Cardiol 43:510, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gary S. Mintz
  • Morris N. Kotler
  • Ioannis P. Panidis

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations