Site Characteristics Favoring Invasions

  • G. H. Orians
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 58)


Recent increases in intercontinental invasion rates by organisms of many taxa, brought about primarily by human activity, create both important ecological problems for the recipient lands and opportunities to understand better those factors that favor success as a colonizer and the environmental conditions that favor successful invasions. Elton’s (1958) extensive review of invasions by plants and animals concentrated on the ecological conditions in areas where alien individuals were arriving. From his survey, Elton concluded that invaders were more likely to establish viable populations in cultivated or otherwise disturbed and, usually, simplified communities. He also noted that natural habitats on small islands were much more vulnerable to invading species than those on large continents, a point clearly anticipated by Darwin in The Origin of Species.


Perennial Grass Heavy Grazing Feral Population Cattle Egret Monk Parakeet 
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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1986

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  • G. H. Orians

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