Social Support and Stress: The Buffering Effects of Friendship

  • Raymond Fleming
  • Andrew Baum
Part of the Springer Series in Social Psychology book series (SSSOC)


The idea that people have beneficial effects on one another is not a new one, but scientists have only recently become aware of the extent of these effects. Research on mental and physical health outcomes has suggested that having friends and confidants can have a positive effect on how one copes with stress and how vulnerable one is to a variety of ills. However, the reasons for this are not clear, and the ways in which having friends translates into these positive outcomes, or how loss of friendship relates to more negative ones, is not well-established either. In this chapter, we focus upon the relationship between friendship, social support, and stress. Several issues are addressed, including the nature of social support and its relation to social comparison theory, the stress response and how it is affected by support variables, and how friendship and social support overlap and differ from one another.


Social Support Emotional Support Social Comparison Symptom Reporting Social Comparison Theory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond Fleming
  • Andrew Baum

There are no affiliations available

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