Biomechanics of Bone—Implant Interactions

  • R. Huiskes

Abstract

The possibilities for artificial reconstruction of diseased human joints have improved tremendously since the early 1960s, and the numbers of joint replacements in orthopedic surgery have grown almost exponentially. For the hip and the knee in particular, a multitude of different artificial joint designs are available, usually made of special metal alloys in combination with several kinds of plastics (Walker, 1977). Roughly speaking, artificial joint components can be categorized into intramedullary fixated ones, where a stem is fixed into the medullary canal of a long bone, and surface replacements, which are more or less fixed against the (spongeous) bone at the joint site (Figure 18.1).

Keywords

Migration Osteoporosis Polymethylmethacrylate Nism Shoe 

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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1986

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  • R. Huiskes

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