The Individualization of the Social and the Desocialization of the Individual: Floyd H. Allport’s Contribution to Social Psychology

Part of the Springer Series in Social Psychology book series (SSSOC)


For the majority of professionally trained, that is, academic, psychologists, as well as for most educated laymen interested in the field, psychology has become known as the scientific study of individual experience and behavior or action. Whether explicitly stated, as in most definitions of the field, or merely presupposed, it is the experiencing and acting individual on whom psychological theories and research have focused.


Social Psychology Experimental Social Psychology Social Facilitation Methodological Individualism Crowd Behavior 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Allport, F. H. (1924). Social psychology. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
  2. Allport, F. H., and Allport, G. W. (1921). Personality traits: Their classification and measurement. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 16, 1–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Apfelbaum, E. ( 1979, September). Some overlooked early European social psychologies. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association, New York, NY.Google Scholar
  4. Brodbeck, M. (1968). Methodological individualisms. In M. Brodbeck (Ed.), Readings in the philosophy of the social sciences (pp. 280–303 ). London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  5. Durkheim, E. (1968). Social facts. In M. Brodbeck (Ed.), Readings in the philosophy of the social sciences (pp. 245–254 ). London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  6. Freud, S. (1953). Group psychology and the analysis of the ego. In J. Strachey (Ed. and Trans.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 18 ). London: Hogarth Press. ( Original work published 1921 )Google Scholar
  7. Graumann, C. F., and Sommer, M. (1984). Schema and inference: Models in cognitive social psychology. In J. R. Royce and L. P. Mos (Eds.), Annals of theoretical psychology (Vol. I, pp. 31–76 ). New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
  8. Jones, E. E.,and Gerard, H. B. (1967). Foundations of social psychology. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  9. Katz, D.,and Schanck, R. L. (1938). Social psychology. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  10. Le Bon, G. (1903). The crowd. London: Unwin. (Original work published 1895 )Google Scholar
  11. Martin, E. D. (1920). The behavior of crowds. New York: Harper.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mayer, A. (1903). Über Einzel- und Gesamtleistung des Schulkindes. Archiv für die Gesamte Psychologie, 7, 276–416.Google Scholar
  13. McDougall, W. (1908). An introduction to social psychology. London: Methuen.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. McDougall, W. (1912). Psychology: The study of behaviour. London: Williams and Norgate.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. McDougall, W. (1920). The group mind. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Mead, G. H. (1964). Selected writings. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.Google Scholar
  17. Meumann, E. (1914). Haus- und Schularbeit. Leipzig: Klinkhardt.Google Scholar
  18. Moede, W. (1914). Der Wetteifer, seine Struktur und sein Ausmaß. Zeitschrift für Pädagogische Psychologie, 75, 353–368.Google Scholar
  19. Moede, W. (1920). Experimentelle Massenpsychologie. Leipzig: Hirzel.Google Scholar
  20. Park, R. E. (1904/1972). The crowd and the public and other essays. Chicago: Chicago University Press. (Original work published 1904 )Google Scholar
  21. Pepitone, A. (1981). Lessons from the history of social psychology. American Psychologist, 36, 972–985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Schmidt, F. (1904). Experimentelle Untersuchungen über die Hausarbeiten des Schulkindes. Sammlung von Abhandlungen zur Psychologischen Pädagogik, 7, 181–300.Google Scholar
  23. Simmel, G. (1908). Soziologie. Berlin: Duncker and Humblodt.Google Scholar
  24. Triplett, N. (1897). The dynamogenic factors in pace-making and competition. American Journal of Psychology, 9, 507–532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Wundt, W. (1862). Beiträge zur Theorie der Sinneswahrnehmung. Leipzig: Winter.Google Scholar
  26. Wundt, W. (1863). Vorlesungen über die Menschen- und Thierseele. 2 vols. Leipzig: Voss.Google Scholar
  27. Wundt, W. (1913). Elemente der Völkerpsychologie. Grundlinien einer psychologischen Entwicklungsgeschichte der Menschheit. (2nd ed.) Leipzig: Kröner.Google Scholar
  28. Wundt, W. (1920). Erlebtes und Erkanntes. Leipzig: Kröner.Google Scholar
  29. Young, K. (1946). Handbook of social psychology. London: Kegan Paul.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1986

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations