Lower Genital Tract Infections

  • David A. Eschenbach
Part of the Clinical Perspectives in Obstetrics and Gynecology book series (CPOG)


For sexually active adult women, lower genital tract infections are one of the most frequent reasons to seek medical care. In 1971 an estimated 10.8 million women-visits were made because of vaginitis and cervicitis.1 Few women have not had at least one vaginal infection while a substantial number of women have difficulty with persistent or frequently recurrent symptoms. Although the absolute prevalence and the relative proportion of infectious vaginitis vary, depending on the population, there are three major causes of vaginitis: bacterial vaginosis, formerly called nonspecific vaginitis (40–50%), candidiasis (20–30%), and trichomoniasis (20–30%).2 An additional 5% of women have vaginitis that has not been well characterized. The number of women who complain of a vaginal discharge caused by cervicitis has not been well studied,3 but cervicitis is grossly underdiagnosed, and the addition of cervicitis to these data would further serve to emphasize the importance of lower genital tract infection.


Obstet Gynecol Bacterial Vaginosis Genital Wart Vaginal Discharge Vaginal Candidiasis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1986

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  • David A. Eschenbach

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