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Chemistry of Synapses and Synaptic Transmission in the Nervous System of Insects

  • Heinz Breer
Part of the Experimental and Clinical Neuroscience book series (ECN)

Abstract

Neurons are the elementary signalling units of the nervous system which differ from other cells in their highly developed ability to generate signals and to communicate with another and with other target cells rapidly, precisely and over long distances. The communication between neurons occurs at specialized structures, the synapses, by means of precisely regulated release of primary messenger molecules, which effectively react on specialized regions of the postsynaptic cell, triggering changes in the permeability and the potential of the membranes either directly or via cellular second messenger molecules. Thus synaptic transmission is considered a fundamental process in neuronal function and it is reasonable to speculate that higher functions in the central nervous system must involve specific structural and molecular elements of synapses. Due to the strategical role, synapses and synaptic transmission are central for understanding how the nervous system works and great efforts are presently made to explore aspects of synaptic transmission in molecular detail.

Keywords

Synaptic Transmission Xenopus Oocyte Thoracic Ganglion Choline Uptake Planar Lipid Bilayer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© The Humana Press Inc. 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heinz Breer
    • 1
  1. 1.University OsnabrückOsnabrückWest Germany

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