Surface Water Quality Analysis

  • Clark C. K. Liu
Part of the Handbook of Environmental Engineering book series (HEE, volume 4)


The objective of the 1972 Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments is to restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the Nation’s waters [45]. In order to achieve this objective, the Act requires each State to establish specific water quality standards for natural waters within its boundary. Furthermore, the Act establishes nationwide minimum effluent limits for all dischargers. In situations in which these minimum treatment levels are not sufficient to prevent water quality contravention, the Act provides for the imposition of additional treatment.


Water Quality Biochemical Oxygen Demand Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen Water Quality Analysis Sediment Oxygen Demand 
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Copyright information

© The HUMANA Press Inc. 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Clark C. K. Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.Nanyang Technological InstituteSingapore

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