Feedback and Realization

  • Michael A. Arbib


The word “cybernetics” was coined by Norbert Wiener, 1948, and his colleagues to denote “the (comparative) study of control and communication in the animal and the machine.” In a sense, then, all of the present book can be subsumed under the heading of “cybernetics.” However, in this section we will be primarily interested in feedback and related issues in control theory, which form one of the central themes discussed by Wiener in his book.


Equivalence Class Identification Procedure Input Sequence Reticular Formation Input String 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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References for Chapter 3

  1. Arbib, M.A., 1988, The Metaphorical Brain: An Introduction to Schemas and Brain Theory, Second Edition, Wiley Inter science.Google Scholar
  2. Kalman, R.E., Falb, P.L., and Arbib, M.A., 1969, Topics in Mathematical System Theory, McGraw-Hill.MATHGoogle Scholar
  3. Kilmer, W.L., McCulloch, W.S., and Blum, J., 1969, A model of the vertebrate central command system, Int. J. Man-Machine Studies 1: 279–309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Myhill, J., 1957, Finite automata and the representation of events, WADD Technical Note 60–165, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio.Google Scholar
  5. Nerode, A., 1958 Linear automaton transformations,Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 9: 541–544.CrossRefMATHMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  6. Rabin, M.O., and Scott, D.S., 1959, Finite automata and their decision problems, IBM J. Res. Dev. 3: 114–125.CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  7. Wiener, N., 1948, Cybernetics: or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine, The Technology Press and Wiley. (Second Edition, The MIT Press, 1961.)CrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael A. Arbib
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Biomedical Engineering, Computer Science, Electrical Engineering, Neurobiology, Physiology, and PsychologyUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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