Low Vision pp 536-542 | Cite as

Life Satisfaction of Low Vision Patients and other Disability Groups: A Preliminary Study

  • Mary Santangelo
  • Olga Overbury
  • Rina Lang
Conference paper

Abstract

Measures of life satisfaction, happiness and morale have all been extensively employed as indicators of an individual’s sense of well-being. These subjective measures tap the elusive properties of what is referred to as quality of life, and as such, are widely accepted as indicators of psychological adjustment [1]. Among the factors associated with quality of life, a strong positive correlation with health status has been repeatedly reported, whether health was self-assessed [2,3] or rated directly by physicians [4,5]. The degree of social interaction has also been found to correlate with well-being, in that involvement in informal activities such as visiting with friends and neighbors results in high levels of reported satisfaction [2,6,7]. As well, lower socioeconomic status has been reported to correspond with lower levels of life satisfaction [2,8]. The demographic variables of age, sex, race, and employment status show an inconsistent relationship to life satisfaction [3].

Keywords

Larg Maki 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    J. Horely: Life satisfaction, happiness and morale: Two problems with the use of subjective well-being indicators. Gerontologist 24, 124 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J.N. Edwards, D.L. Klemmack: Correlates of life satisfaction: A re-examination. J. Gerontol. 28, 497 (1973)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. Larson: Thirty years of research on the subjective well-being of older Americans. J. Gerontol. 33, 109 (1978)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    F.C. Jeffers, C.R. Nichols: The relationship of activities and attitudes to physical well-being in older people. J. Gerontol. 16, 67 (1961)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    E. Palmore, C. Luikart: Health and social factors related to life satisfaction. J. Health Soc. Behav. 13, 68 (1972)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    B.W. Lemon, V.L. Bengston, J.A. Peterson: An exploration of the activity theory of aging: Activity types and life satisfaction among in-movers to a retirement community. J. Gerontol. 27, 511 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    K.J. Smith, A. Lipman: Constraint and life satisfaction. J. Gerontol. 27, 77 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    S.J. Cutler: Volunteer association participation and life satisfaction: A cautionary research note. J. Gerontol. 28, 96 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Negrin: Psychosocial aspects of aging and visual impairment. In Understanding Low Vision, ed. by R.T. Jose (American Foundation for the Blind, New York 1983) pp. 55–59.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    F. Cohen, R.S. Lazarus: Coping with stresses of illness. In Health Psychology — A Handbook, ed. by G.C. Stone, F. Cohen, N.E. Adler (Jossey-Bass, San Francisco 1979) pp. 217–254.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    F.C. Shontz: The Psychological Aspects of Physical Illness and Disability. (Macmillan, New York 1975)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    D.R. Falvo, H. Allen, D.R. Maki: Psychological aspects of invisible disability. Rehab. Lit. 43, 2 (1972)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    B.L. Neugarten, R.J. Havighurst, S.S. Tobin: The measurement of life satisfaction. J. Gerontol. 16, 134 (1961)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S.M. Shindell, G.L. Goodrich, M.E. Dunn: The Development of a Life Satisfaction Scale Applicable for People with Severe Disabilities. Study supported by National Institute for Handicapped Research (1984–1987)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    R.D. Savage, L.B. Gaber, P.G. Britton, N. Bolton, A. Cooper: Personality and Adjustment in the Aged. (Academic, New York 1977)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    T.H. Holmes, R.H. Rahe: The social readjustment rating scale. J. Psychosom. Res. 11, 213 (1967)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary Santangelo
  • Olga Overbury
  • Rina Lang

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations