Advertisement

Prediction Of Blood Alcohol Concentration In Humans: Comments And Criticisms

  • Heidi Ann Hahn
Part of the Recent Research in Psychology book series (PSYCHOLOGY)

Abstract

In calculating blood alcohol concentration for both experimental and nomographic applications, use of the Widmark equation is typical. This equation deals with the relationships among ingested alcohol, body weight, and blood alcohol concentration. There are a number of problems associated with the equation, most of which arise as a consequence of the fact that the formula largely ignores the absorptive part of the alcohol curve. The focus of the current paper, then, was to survey these problem areas and to evaluate their impact on the use of the equation in the two aforementioned applications.

Keywords

Heavy Drinker Blood Alcohol Blood Alcohol Concentration Blood Alcohol Level Absorptive Part 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Benes, V. (1979). Descriptions of a standard model of alcohol intoxication for functional tests of higher nervous activities. Activitas Nervosa Superior, 16, 88–90.Google Scholar
  2. Dussault, P. and Chappel, C. I. (1974). Difference in blood alcohol levels following consumption of whiskey or beer in man. Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Alcohol, Drugs, and Traffic Safety. Toronto, Canada: Addiction Research Foundation of Ontario.Google Scholar
  3. Feldstein, A. (1978). The metabolism of alcohol: On the validity of the Widmark equations, in obesity, and in racial and ethnic groups. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 39, 926–932.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Goldberg, L. (1943). Quantitative studies on alcohol tolerance in man. Acta Physiologia Scandinavia, 5 (16), 1–128.Google Scholar
  5. Jones, B. M. and Jones, J. K. (1976). Women and alcohol: Intoxication, metabolism, and the menstrual cycle. In M. Greenblatt and M. A. Schuckit (Eds.), Alcoholism problems in women and children. New York: Grune and Stratton.Google Scholar
  6. Jones, B. M. and Vega, A. (1973). Fast and slow drinkers. BAC variations and cognitive performance. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 34, 797–806.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Kalant, H. and Reed, T. E. (1978). Limitations of the Widmark calculation: a reply to Feldstein’s critique. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 39, 933–936.Google Scholar
  8. O’Neill, B., Williams, A. F., and Dubowski, K. M. (1983). Variability in blood alcohol concentrations. Implications for estimating individual results. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 44, 222–230.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Shumate, R. P., Crowther, R. F., and Zerafshan, M. (1967). A study of the metabolism rates of alcohol in the human body. Journal of Forensic Medicine, 14, 83–100.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Welling, P. G., Lyons, L. L., Elliot, M. S., and Amidon, G. L. (1977). Pharmacokinetics of alcohol following single low doses to fasted and non-fasted subjects. Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 17, 199–206.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Widmark, E. M. P. (1981). Principles and applications of medicolegal alcohol determination. Davis, CA: Biomedical Publications.Google Scholar
  12. Wilkinson, P. K., Sedman, A. J., Sakmar, E., Kay, D. R., and Wagner, J. G. (1977). Pharmacokinetics of ethanol after oral administration in the fasting state. Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Biopharmaceutics, 5, 207–224.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heidi Ann Hahn
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Industrial Engineering and Operations ResearchVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA

Personalised recommendations