Fjords pp 19-69 | Cite as

Environmental Setting

  • James P. M. Syvitski
  • David C. Burrell
  • Jens M. Skei


There are two major fjord regions of the world, a belt north of 43°N and a belt south of 42°S (Fig. 1.1). These fjord coasts are commensurate with areas that were previously or are presently glaciated; glacial erosion appears to have played a significant role in the mode of fjord formation. The environmental setting of fjords is closely interrelated with respect to geomorphology, climatological conditions, water circulation, and sediment sources. Some fjords are more typical than others, showing characteristic features that fit the definition of fjords (Fig. 2.1; see Chapter 1). Other high-latitude estuaries are more fjord-like, exhibiting only a few of the features associated with fjords, while the overall natural setting would suggest that they be classified as fjords.


Drainage Basin Meromictic Lake Estuarine Circulation Cook Inlet Sediment Infill 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • James P. M. Syvitski
    • 1
  • David C. Burrell
    • 2
  • Jens M. Skei
    • 3
  1. 1.Bedford Institute of OceanographyGeological Survey of CanadaDartmouthCanada
  2. 2.Institute of Marine ScienceUniversity of AlaskaFairbanksUSA
  3. 3.Norwegian Institute for Water ResearchOslo 3Norway

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