Bohr: Success and Ambiguity in a Period of Transition
With the advent of Bohr’s papers, a new period started in the development of atomic physics. Because of the important role of the quantum, the theoretical structure is often called quantum theory. Here the two terms are used as denoting more or less the same set of ideas. Bohr’s ideas, general approach, and underlying philosophy dominated atomic physics to an unprecedented extent in the period from 1916 to 1925. This coincides exactly with the period Kramers spent in Copenhagen, so apart from the initial phase from 1913 to 1916, Kramers was directly involved in the formulation, elucidation, and application of quantum theory.
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