Blame-Placing Schemata and Attributional Research
The term “conspiracy theory” is usually considered to denote a more-or-less elaborate schema whereby a given group of people sharing a common ethnic, political national, or religious origin is said to plot against another group. Conspiracy theories may actually be considered a specific variant of a much broader family of schemata in which the unifying theme is the external placing of blame for some highly negative events. In this sense, conspiracy theories are “kissing cousins” of various scapegoating constructions, persecutionary belief-systems, and so forth.
KeywordsAttribution Theory Conspiracy Theory Motivational Influence Motivational Bias Epistemic Process
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bar-Tal, D. (1985). The Masada syndrome: A case of central belief. In N. Milgram (Ed.), Psychological stress and coping in time of war. New York: Brunner/Mazel.Google Scholar
- Festinger, L. (1957). A theory of cognitive dissonance. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
- Fried, Y., & Agassi, J. (1976). Paranoia: A study in diagnosis. Boston, MA: D. Reidel.Google Scholar
- Jones, E.E., & Davis, K.E. (1965). From acts to dispositions. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 2). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Kelley, H.H. (1967). Attribution theory in social psychology. In D. Levine (Ed.), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.Google Scholar
- Kelley, H.H. (1971). Attribution in social interaction. Morristown, NJ: General Learning Press.Google Scholar
- Kelley, H.H. (1972). Causal schemata and the attribution process. Morristown, NJ: General Learning Press.Google Scholar
- Miller, D.T., & Ross, M. (1975). Self serving biases in the attribution of causality: Fact or fiction? Psychological Bulletin, 82, 212–225.Google Scholar
- Weiner, B., Frieze, I., Kukla, A., Reed, L., Rest, S., & Rosenbaum, R. (1971). Perceiving the causes of success and failure. Morristown, NJ: General Learning Press.Google Scholar