Role of Models in Estuarine Flow and Water Quality Analysis

  • Tavit O. Najarian
  • Donald R. F. Harleman
Part of the Contemporary Issues in Science and Society book series (CISS)


Mathematical models play a useful role in advancing the state-of-the-art in estuarine sciences, and in the judicious management of water resources in coastal environments. The validation of hypotheses related to flow and water quality behavior in tidal waters has been facilitated through the use of various models. The agony of guesswork in choosing the best management alternative within a watershed has been appreciably reduced due to model applications. Models have provided the means to analyze the impact of different management alternatives and selecting the ones which result in the least adverse impact to the environment. Models therefore, play an important role as tools for research and engineering assessment of estuarine flow and transport.


Water Quality Dissolve Oxygen Eddy Viscosity Flow Diversion Salinity Concentration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Blumberg, A. F. 1975 A Numerical Investigation into the Dynamics of Estuarine Circulation. Chesapeake Bay Institute. Technical Report 91. The Johns Hopkins University.Google Scholar
  2. Harleman, D. R. F.,Dailey, J. E.,Thatcher, M. L., Najarian, T. O., Brocard, D. N. and Ferrara, R. A. 1977 User’s Manual for the M. I. T. Transient Water Quality Network Model Including Nitrogen-Cycle Dynamics for Rivers and Estuaries. EPA-600/3–77–010, R. M. Parsons Laboratory for Water Resources and Hydrodynamics, Department of Civil Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.Google Scholar
  3. Huang, P-S., Wang, D-P. and Najarian, T. O. Aug. 1986 Analysis of Residual Currents Using a Two-Dimensional Model. In J. van de Kreeke (ed.), Proceeding of an International Symposium on Physics of Shallow Estuaries and Bays. Springer-Verlag, New York.Google Scholar
  4. Najarian, T. O. and Harleman, D. R. F. July 1975 A Nitrogen Cycle Water Quality Model for Estuaries. Technical Report No. 204,Ralph M. Parsons Laboratory for Water Resources and Hydrodynamics, Department of Civil Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  5. Najarian, T. O. and Harleman, D. R. F. 1977 Real Time Simulation of Nitrogen Cycle in an Estuary. Jonr. of Environmental Engineering Division, ASCE. Vol. 103, No. EE4, pp. 523–538.Google Scholar
  6. Najarian, T. O., Kaneta, P. J. and Thatcher, M. L. 1981 Manasquan Estuary Study - The Modification and the Adaptation of a Dynamic Ecological and Water Quality Model for the Manasquan Estuary, Report at Manasquan River Regional Sewerage Authority.Google Scholar
  7. Najarian, T. O., Kaneta, P. J., Taft, J. L. and Thatcher, M. L. Feb. 1984 Application of Nitrogen-Cycle Model to Manasqnan Estuary, Journal of Environmental Enginaering Division, ASCE., Vol. 110, No. 1, pp. 190–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Najarian & Assoc., Inc. 1983 The Short—Term and Long—Term Impacts of CSO Discharges on the Water Quality of the Lower Passaic River. Report to Passaic Valley Sewerage Commissioners. Google Scholar
  9. Najarian, T. O., Gunawardana, V. K. and Huang, P-S. Dec 1983 Influence of Flow Control on the Salt Intrusion on the Lower Manasquan River. Report to the New Jersey Water Snpply Authority. Google Scholar
  10. Najarian, T. O., Wang, D-P, and Huang, P-S, June 1982 Lagrangian Transport in Estuaries and Sea-Level Canals. State of Maryland, Dept. of Natural Resources, Power Plant Siting Program. Technical Report No. PPRP-69. Google Scholar
  11. Wang, D-P. and Kravitz, D. W. 1980 A Semi-Implicit Two-Dimensional Model of Estuarine Circulation. Jour, of Physical Oceanography. Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 441–454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Humana Press Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tavit O. Najarian
    • 1
  • Donald R. F. Harleman
    • 2
  1. 1.Najarian and Associates, Inc.EatontownUSA
  2. 2.Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

Personalised recommendations