Beyond Baby M pp 149-170 | Cite as

Arguing with Success

Is In Vitro Fertilization Research or Therapy?
  • Arthur L. Caplan
Part of the Contemporary Issues in Biomedicine, Ethics, and Society book series (CIBES)


In the 1950s and 60s, in vitro fertilization (IVF) was viewed by even its staunchest advocates as experimental.1 No children had been produced using the technique. Serious doubts existed about whether IVF could be used to create a baby and whether any baby that resulted would be healthy. Those involved in extending IVF techniques from animals to humans worried well into the 1970s that “the normality of embryonic development and the efficiency of embryo transfer cannot yet be assessed.”2


Human Material Vitro Fertilization Individual Doctor American Fertility Society American Clinic 
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© The Humana Press Inc. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arthur L. Caplan

There are no affiliations available

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