Advertisement

Essential Ethical Considerations for Public Policy on Assisted Reproduction

  • Carol Tauer
Chapter
Part of the Contemporary Issues in Biomedicine, Ethics, and Society book series (CIBES)

Abstract

The title of this chapter, “Essential Ethical Considerations” rather than “The Essential Ethical Considerations,” indicates that there is no single, monolithic set of ethical considerations. Different religious groups have their own sets of ethical criteria, as do various cultural groupings. Even individuals differ as to the ethical concerns they view as important or even relevant. Every ethical issue can be examined from a variety of perspectives, each with its own set of ethical considerations.

Keywords

Ethical Consideration Embryo Transfer Infertile Couple Ethical Criterion Surrogate Mother 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Murray, J. C. (1960) “Should There Be a Law?,” Chapter 7 in We Hold These Truths: Catholic Reflections on the American Proposition (Sheed and Ward, New York).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects, The Belmont Report (Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1978).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    President’s Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research, Summing Up (Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1983).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bayles, M. D. (1984) Reproductive Ethics (Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Overall, C. (1987) Ethics and Human Reproduction: A Feminist Analysis (Allen & Unwin, Boston).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Stanworth, M. ed. (1987) Reproductive Technologies: Gender, Motherhood and Medicine (University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Walters, L. (June 1987) Ethics and new reproductive technologies: An international review of committee statements. Hastings Cent. Rep. 17(3), 3–9 of special supplement.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Council for Science and Society (1984) Human Procreation: Ethical Aspects of the New Techniques (Oxford University Press, Oxford).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bernardin, J. C. (May 28, 1987) Science and the creation of human life. Origins 17(2),21–26.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Callahan, S. (April 24, 1987) Lovemaking and babymaking: Ethics & the new reproductive technology. Commonweal 114(8), 233–239.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cahill, L. and McCormick, R. (March 28,1987) The Vatican documents on bioethics: Two responses. America, 156(12),246–248.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Walters, W. and Singer, P. (eds.) (1982) Test-Tube Babies (Oxford University Press, Melbourne).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Caplan, A. L. (1989) Arguing with success: Is in vitro fertilization research or therapy?, this volume.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Fletcher, J. C. and Ryan, K. J. (1987) Federal regulations for fetal research: A case for reform. Law, Medicine and Health Care, 15(3), 126–138.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ethics Advisory Board (June 18, 1979) Protection of human subjects; HEW support of human in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer. Federal Register, 44,35033–35058.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    American Fertility Society (Ethics Committee) (1986) Ethical considerations of the new reproductive technologies. Fertil. and Steril. 46(3) Suppl. 1,1S–94S.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Voluntary Licensing Authority (Great Britain), Annual Reports 1,2,3 (1986,1987,1988). Obtain from VLA Secretary, Medical Research Council, 20 Park Crescent, London WIN 4AL, England.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Fletcher, J. C. and Ryan, K. J.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bondeson, W. B., Engelhardt, H. T., Jr., Spicker, S. F., and Winship, D. H. (eds.) (1983) Abortion and the Status of the Fetus (D. Reidel, Dordrecht, Holland).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Shaw, M. W. and Doudera, A. E. (eds.) (1983) Defining Human Life: Medical, Legal, and Ethical Implications (AUPHA Press, Ann Arbor, MI).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Walters, L. B. (ed.) (August 1985) Genetic and reproductive engineering. J. of Med. and Philos. 10,209–309.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ethics Advisory Board, 35056.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Brody, B. A. (1989) Current religious perspectives on the new reproductive techniques, this volume.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ellis, G. B. (1989) Infertility and the role of the federal government, this volume.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Caplan, A. L.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Childress, J. F. (1981) Priorities in Biomedical Ethics (Westminster Press, Philadelphia).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Berkowitz, R. L., Lynch, L., Chitkara, U., Wilkins, I. A., Mehalek, K E., and Alvarez, E. (April 21,1988) Selective reduction of multifetal pregnancies in the first trimester. N. Engl. J. of Med. 318, 1043–1047.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Andrews, L. B. (October/November 1987) The aftermath of Baby M: Proposed state laws on surrogate motherhood. Hastings Cent. Rep. 17(5),31–40.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Brahams, D. (February 1987) The hasty British ban on commercial surrogacy. Hastings Cent. Rep. 17(1), 16–19.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Merrick, J. (1989) The case of Baby M, this volume.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Hanley, R. (February 4,1988) Surrogate deals for mothers held illegal in Jersey. New York Times, pp. 1,14.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Andrews, L. B.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Hanley, R. (April 7, 1988) Surrogate mother wins visitation rights. St. Paul Pioneer Press Dispatch, pp. 1A, 5A.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Rothman, B. K. (1989) Recreating motherhood: Ideology and technology in contemporary society, this volume.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Bibring, G., Dwyer, T. F., Huntington, D. S., and Valenstein, A. F. (1961) A study of the psychological processes in pregnancy and of the earliest mother-child relationship. Psychoanal. Study Child 16, 9–72.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Jessner, L. (1966) On becoming a mother, in Conditio Humana, (von Baeyer, W. and Griffith, R. M., eds.), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 102–114.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Jessner, L., Weigert, E., and Foy, J. L. (1970) The development of parental attitudes during pregnancy, in Parenthood: Its Psychology and Psychopathology (Anthony, E. J. and Benedek, T., eds.), Little, Brown and Co., Boston, 209–244.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Arditti, R. (1988) A summary of some recent developments on surrogacy in the United States. Reproductive and Genetic Engineering 1(1), 51–64.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Humana Press Inc. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carol Tauer

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations