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A surrogacy arrangement is a social mechanism developed to address the needs of a couple who are unable to produce a pregnancy or of a woman who is unable to carry pregnancy to term. With the use of artificial insemination and in vitro fertilization, a couple now can make an arrangement with a woman who is willing to conceive a child, carry it to term, and then surrender parental rights. That woman is called the “surrogate” or “contract” mother. In standard surrogacy arrangements, the sperm of the contracting father is utilized. This provides the advantage of producing a genetically related child.
KeywordsSocial Mechanism Reproductive Decision Related Child Surrogate Parenting American Fertility Society
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