Impacts of Variation in Planktivorous Fish on Abundance of Daphnids: A Simulation Model of the Lake Mendota Food Web

  • Chris Luecke
  • Cynthia C. Lunte
  • Russell A. Wright
  • Dale Robertson
  • Ann S. McLain
Part of the Springer Series on Environmental Management book series (SSEM)


Previous chapters in this volume have outlined the goals of the Lake Mendota food web manipulation study (Rudstam et al., Ch. 12) and have reported on variations in phytoplankton and zooplankton abundances during the past 15 years (Lathrop and Carpenter, Ch. 7 and 8). Because of the long time scales inherent in such a lake management manipulation, it became imperative to attempt to predict how the lake would respond to changes in planktivorous fish abundance over time scales of several decades. We know from the past 15 years of study (Lathrop and Carpenter, Ch. 7 and 8; Magnuson and Lathrop, Ch. 11) that substantial variation of planktivorous fish, zooplankton, and phytoplankton abundances can occur the lake. Given the current stocking of piscivores, we have the potential to substantially modify the abundance of planktivorous fish and possibly shift the assemblages of phytoplankton and zooplankton beyond the ranges of those which occurred previously. In this chapter we describe the construction and use of a simulation model designed to examine how variation in plantivore abundance might impact zooplankton biomass and species composition.


Assimilation Rate Yellow Perch Fish Biomass Initial Biomass Planktivorous Fish 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Benndorf J, Schultz H, Benndorf A, Unger R, Penz E, Kneschke H, Kossatz K, Dumke R, Hornig U, Kruspe R, Reichel S (1988) Food-web manipulation by enhancement of piscivorous fish stocks: Long-term effects in the hypereutrophic Bautzen Reservoir. Limnologica 19:97–110Google Scholar
  2. Brock TD (1985) A eutrophic lake: Lake Mendota, Wisconsin. Springer-Verlag, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Carpenter SR, Kitchell JF, Hodgson JR (1985) Cascading trophic interactions and lake productivity. Bioscience 35:634–639CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chesson J (1983) The simulation and analysis of preference and its relationship to foraging models. Ecology 64: 1297–1304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dabrowski KR (1985) Energy budget of coregonid (Coregonus spp.) fish growth, metabolism and reproduction. Oikos 45:358–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Frost BW (1980) Body size as a niche indicator. Limnol. Oceanogr. Spec. Symp. 3:742–753Google Scholar
  7. Hassell MP (1978) The dynamics of arthropod predation-prey systems. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New JerseyGoogle Scholar
  8. Hewett SW, Johnson BL (1987) A generalized bioenergetics model of fish growth for microcomputers. University of Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute Technical Report. WIS-SG-87-245, MadisonGoogle Scholar
  9. Hillbricht-Ilkowska A, Karabin A (1970) An attempt to estimate consumption, respiration and production of Leptodora kindtii (Focke) in field and laboratory experiments. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 17(30):81–86Google Scholar
  10. Kibby HV (1971) Energetics and population dynamics of Diaptomus gracilis. Ecol. Monogr. 44:311–328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Luecke C, Litt AH (1987) Effects of predation by Chaoborus flavicans on crustacean zooplankton of Lake Lenore, Washington, Freshwat. Biol. 18:185–192Google Scholar
  12. Luecke C, O’Brien WJ (1983) The effect of Heterocope predation on zooplankton communities in arctic ponds. Limnol. Oceanogr. 28:367–377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Luecke C, Vanni MJ, Magnuson JJ, Kitchell JF, Jacobson PJ (1990) Seasonal regulation of Daphnia populations by planktivorous fish: Implications for the clearwater phase. Limnol. Oceanogr. 35:1718–1733CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lunte CC, Luecke C (1990) Trophic interactions of Leptodora in Lake Mendota. Limnol. Oceanogr. 35:1091–1100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lynch M, Weider LJ, Lampert W (1986) Measurement of the carbon balance in Daphnia. Limnol. Oceanogr. 31:17–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. McCauley E, Murdoch WW, Nisbet RM, Gurney WSC (1990) The physiological ecology of Daphnia: Development of a model of growth and reproduction. Ecology 71:703–715CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Neill WE (1984) Regulation of rotifer densities by crustacean zooplankton in an oligotrophic lake in British Columbia. Oecologia 61:175–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Nyberg P (1984) Impact of Chaoborus on planktonic crustacean communities in some acidified and limed lakes in Sweden. Rep. Inst. Fresh. Res. Drottingholm 61:154–166Google Scholar
  19. Oksanen L (1988) Ecosystem organization: Mutualism and cybernetics or plain Darwinian struggle for coexistence? Am. Nat. 131:424–444CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Paloheimo JE, Crabtree SJ, Taylor WD (1982) Growth model of Daphnia. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 39:598–606CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pastorok RA (1980) Selection of prey by Chaoborus larvae: A review and new evidence for behavioral flexibility. Am. Soc. Limnol. Oceanogr. Spec. Symp. 3:538–555Google Scholar
  22. Pedros-Alio C, Brock TD (1985) Zooplankton dynamics in Lake Mendota: Short-term versus long-term changes. Freshwat. Biol. 15:89–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Perrson L (1987) The effects of resource availability and distribution on size class interactions in perch (Perca fluviatilis). Oikos 48:148–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Porter KG, Gerritsen J, Orcutt JD, Jr (1982) The effect of food concentration on swimming patterns, feeding behavior, ingestion, assimilation, and respiration by Daphnia. Limnol. Oceanogr. 27:935–949CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Post JR (1987) Size dependent processes in yellow perch recruitment. Ph.D. Thesis, York University, TorontoGoogle Scholar
  26. Reed RC (1971) An experimental study of prey selection and regulatory capacity of bluegill sunfish. M.S. Thesis, University of California, Santa BarbaraGoogle Scholar
  27. Reinertsen H, Langeland A (1982) The effect of a lake fertilization on the stability and material utilization of a limnetic ecosystem. Holart. Ecol. 5:311–324Google Scholar
  28. Richman S (1964) Energy transformation studies on Diaptomus oregonensi. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 15:654–659Google Scholar
  29. Richman S, Dodson SI (1983) The effect of food quality on feeding and respiration by Daphnia and Diaptomus. Limnol. Oceanogr. 28:948–956CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rudstam LG (1983) The cisco, Coregonus artedii, in Wisconsin lakes: Long term comparison of population structure and an analysis of their vertical distribution. M.S. Thesis, University of Wisconsin, MadisonGoogle Scholar
  31. Schindler JE (1971) Food quality and zooplankton nutrition. J. Anim. Ecol. 40:589–595CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Schoener TW (1989) Food webs from the small to the large. Ecology 70: 1559–1589CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Vadas RL, Jr (1989) Food web patterns in ecosystems: A reply to Fretwell and Oksanen. Gikos 56:339–343Google Scholar
  34. Vanderploeg HA, Scavia D, Liebig J (1984) Feeding rate of Diaptomus sicilis and its relation to selectivity and effective food concentration in algal mixtures and in Lake Michigan. J. Plankton Res. 6:919–941CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Vanni M, Luecke C, Kitchell JF, Magnuson JJ, Rentmeester Y, Temte J (1990) Cascading trophic interactions and phytoplankton abundance: Effects of massive fish mortality. Nature 344:333–335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Walters CJ, Krause E, Neill WE, Northcote TG (1987) Equilibrium models for seasonal dynamics of plankton biomass in four oligotrophic lakes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 44:1002–1006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Yan ND, Feller W, MacIsaac HJ, McEachern LJ (1991) Regulation of zooplankton community structure in an acidified lake by Chaoborus. Ecol. Appl. 1:52–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chris Luecke
  • Cynthia C. Lunte
  • Russell A. Wright
  • Dale Robertson
  • Ann S. McLain

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations